Abnormal Seitz 2-4-16
Abnormal Seitz 2-4-16 Psyc 330
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eric Castro on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 330 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Matthew William Seitz (P) in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
MMPI Sample Statements At times I have very much wanted to leave home My sexy life is satisfactory At times I feel like smashing things I seldom worry about my health I am liked by most people who know me My soul sometimes leaves my bOdY Strengths Easier cheaper and faster than projective tests Objectively scored and standardized Greater testretest reliability than projective tests Weaknesses Still difficult to measure traits that cannot be directly measured Highly criticized for lack of ability to criticize outside of a Western European context Response Inventories Selfresponse measures that focus on one specific area of functioning Affective inventories measure severity of emotions like anxiety anger or depression Social skill inventories ask respondent to indicate how they would respond in a variety of social situations Coanitive inventories reveal a person s typical thought patterns and assumptions Intelligence Tests Designed to indirectly measure intellectual ability Typically made up of tests assessing verbal and nonverbal skills Tests generate an Intelligence Quotient or IQ The WAIS and WoodcockJohnson are the two most commonly used StanfordBinet Intelligence Quotient IQ Strengths Weakness Diagnosis Single number that reveals intelligence Purpose to predict academic performance Highly standardized High levels of reliability and validity Among the most carefully reproduced of all clinical tests No intelligence may in uence results Cultural biases Members of minority groups may be disadvantaged A determination that a person s psychological problems comprise a particular disorder DSM5 Lists approximately 400 disorders Describes criteria for diagnosis key clinical features and related features that are often present Categorical vs Dimensional Model 536 of people are diagnosed to have no disorders 187 or people are diagnosed to have 1 disorder Within their life times 104 of people are diagnosed to have 2 disorders within their life times 173 of people are diagnosed to have 3 disorders within their life times Why is it important to have a diagnostic system Consistent framework and set of criteria Typical course and symptoms of a disorder Formulation of a treatment plan Common language to communicate between professionals Linked to standardized assessment instruments May reassure patients Cautions about Diagnosing Stigma possible Discussing in lay terms may be more helpful at times Some may identify people by their mental disorder rather than as indiViduals DSM is based primarily on US cultural formulations Diagnosis Advice Understand feelings thoughts and behaViors in context Don t jump to conclusions based on one symptom Look for clusters of symptoms over time not a specific instance Allow for the fact that your first diagnosis may be incorrect Don t overpathologize or underdiagnose Differential Diagnosis Systematic method of diagnosis used to identify the presence of a disorder where multiple alternatives may be possible Many disorders share common symptoms Example ADHD Treatment Introduction Mental illnesses are serious medical illnesses Children and Adolescents are affected 4 of the top 10 leading causes of disability Without treatment there are consequences The best treatments are highly effective Psychotherapy What is psychotherapy A psychological intervention designed to help people resolve emotional behavioral and interpersonal problems and improve the quality of their lives Females attend more than males Caucasians more than minority groups For many disorders individual and group therapy are equally effective Is Psychotherapy Effective Metaanalysis studies provide evidence that therapy does work in alleviating human suffering 0 Objective measures and selfreports have revealed this Certain therapies are more effective than others 0 Cognitive behavioral and biological all have strong research support for their efficacy 0 Humanistic has not been shown to be highly effective by itself but in combination With other therapies O Psychodynamic does not have research support for its effectiveness Empirically Supported Therapies EST Certain therapies are better for certain disorders 0 CBT Anxiety and Depression 0 Behavioral Anxiety disorders such as phobias social anxiety panic disorder and OCD Behavioral Bulimia and Substance abuse 0 Biological severe psychopathology depression schizophrenia bipolar O disorder Common Factors in effective therapy 0 Empathic listening 0 Instilling hope 0 Establishing a strong emotional bond with patient 0 Implementing techniques that offer new ways of thinking feeling and behaving 0 Providing a clear theoretical rational for treatment The number one predictor of client change 0 Therapeutic Alliance Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Examines relationship between thoughts feelings and behaviors Looks at irrational selftalk and maladaptive core beliefs Most commonly used form of therapy EST for many disorders Actually changes brain activity Biological Treatment Attempt to directly alter the brain s chemistry or physiology to treat psychological disorders Psychopharmacotherapy is the most widespread Today almost 15 of Americans are on antidepressants Today medications are available to treat most psychological disorders Cautions to Consider Not a cureall as most meds have numerous side effects that need to be weighed Weight age and even racial differences often affect drug response Over prescription is also a concern for many especially of psychostimulants for ADHD Polypharmacy Conclusion For the majority of disorders a combination of treatments is most effective For anxiety and depression therapy alone is more beneficial than medication alone Therapy continuing to lose market share to medication
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