Poli Sci 4 Notes - Week 3
Poli Sci 4 Notes - Week 3 PoliSci 4
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elena Stacy on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PoliSci 4 at University of California Berkeley taught by Mark Bevir in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Introdoction to Political Theory in Political Science at University of California Berkeley.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
Introduction to Political Theory –Notes: 2/2/16 Human acting shows that we have beliefs – ideologies Introduction to Liberalism: THE ENLIGHTENMENT Science becomes more popular/relevant -impartial observation; objective -growing emphasis on mathematical calculation -Newtonian paradigm -planets; laws; formal relationships governed what we saw Enlightenment and Religion -god evidenced by harmonies in nature -god acts in accord with laws -god is a clockmaker Enlightenment Ethics We will discover the rights of the people through reason -not actually the core idea of the American Revolution (that would be more Whig views) Society -natural result of the human condition; human nature implies that we come together to form groups and relationships; we are social beings Government - Wanted limited government (mainly needed for when society goes awry) -should be balance (cf. planetary motion) -balance among social groups -balance among parts of a constitution Economics -early modern background Republicanism & republican virtue (economy can only be upheld if citizens are virtuous) -only independent people may vote The rise of cities and commerce -what would independence mean here? -today, too many cities and population for an authentic republic -enlightenment responses Accommodating (E.g. Adam Smith) Suspicious (e.g Jean Jacques Rousseau) Varieties of Liberalism -Constitutional Liberalism -Classical Liberalism -Social Liberalism -shift in science community away from physics and more towards biology/anatomy Always question our values; this is the role of political theory
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