ARH 304 Notes Jan 20th
ARH 304 Notes Jan 20th ARH 304
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Pontin on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 304 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. Vibeke Olson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Northern Renaissance Art in Art History at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
The following ARH 304 notes are taken from Dr. Olson’s lecture on Jan. 20 , 2016 Northern Renaissance Art The Wilton Diptych (Cont.) Left (Panel) o Richard II: wearing crown white hart gold cloak on knee wearing plant pod necklace (motif) Plant pod made from broom plant used to make brooms planta genista o John Baptist: long scruffy hair and beard animal skin outfit barefoot holds ‘Lamb of God’ o St. Edmund: Martyr Crown on head Ermine cloak Holding martyred object o January 6 : Richard II’s birthday, 3 King’s Day (epiphany) o 3 King present adoring Virgin and Child resembling Nativity scene Right: o Virgin and Child surrounded by angels o One angel holds flag relating to St. George cross of St. George, Slayer of Dragons o All figures dress in lapis lazuli robes as Christ is wrapped in gold o Mary and other women in gothic sway The following ARH 304 notes are taken from Dr. Olson’s lecture on Jan. 20 , 2016 Every symbol reflects reign and power of the king Small and portable for King Richard to carry with him Christ and Saint John the Evangelist, 13001320 Affective piety: to impact/influence people on becoming religious be creating works of emotional art Andachtsbild: a devotional image Images not taken from biblical stories, but still represent religion Statue enhances piety by: o Showing compassion through Christ o Figures appear as common people, allowing viewers to place themselves in their shoes o Desire to be in position of John who is being embraced by Christ Statue relates to the work Meditations of Christ o Novel that asks reader to participate in the events of Christ through ‘active verbs; reader is then involved and exercises mediation for reader to connect to text, placing themselves in a role Examples of German style: Rottgen Pieta, c. 13001325 The following ARH 304 notes are taken from Dr. Olson’s lecture on Jan. 20 , 2016 Means of gruesome, tortured figures: effective in feeling emotion and creating bond through sorrow and pain No biblical association with this image Image created as expansion of the story of Christ’s passion No narrative component, up to reader to place image to recreate story with this ‘new scene’ Mary crying: compassionate behavior o Meant to feel pain and sorrow Christ wounded/ deceased: feel of physical bodily pain Pestkreuz (Plague Cross), c. 1380 Crucifixion of Christ The following ARH 304 notes are taken from Dr. Olson’s lecture on Jan. 20 , 2016 Stretched limbs Open, bleeding wounds o Feeling of torture and pain Girard d’Orleans, Portrait of John the Good before 1350 Phillip VII: cousin, Valois, inherits throne Start of Valois Dynasty John the Good, son of Phillip VI, became King in 1350 at age 9 Under his rule, battles of the Hundred Years War take place and he is soon taken prisoner by English for 3 years o Still respected as royalty, treated well with comfort as he stays with members of English court o Brought artist Girard d’Orleans with him Not known for successful reign Portrait: element of importance o Oldest panel painting/portrait in France o Indicative of new trend: profile portrait Tradition of portraiture as in Roman empire on coins and metals, Emperors shown in profile Reflects back to royalty and Royal Emperor ruler Piece of propaganda as King is shown as successful and powerful, although he was not known to be Gold background, but otherwise simple Jean Bandol, Presentation of the Bible of Charles V by Jean de Vaudetar, Bible Historiale, c. 1373 The following ARH 304 notes are taken from Dr. Olson’s lecture on Jan. 20 , 2016 Charles V, son of John the Good, left with no money after his father’s passing, however he became successful Patron of arts, well read, scholar o bibliophile: lover of books Named “Charles the Wise” for sponsorship and love for literature Court poets, one of them a woman: Christine of Pizan, described him as handsome and as a lover of many things Dedication page in book o Depicted with: Large nose No royal attire, wearing a simple robe: indicative of monastic order Jean de Vaudetar holds book for the king to read Fleur de lis, lapis lazuli, and gold all present Charles’ feet are on pillow as they are not to touch the ground Canopy/cloth of honor above him Jean Bandol influenced by Jean Pucelle Garments presented in grisaille like in Pucelle’s work Jeanne d’Evreux left Book of Hours to Charles V Carrying the Cross, Crucifixion and Entombment, Parement de Narbonne, c. 136478 The following ARH 304 notes are taken from Dr. Olson’s lecture on Jan. 20 , 2016 Painting in grisaille, on silk canvas o 9 ft. long o Reflects work of Duccio and ideas of German expression Interest in naturalistic details International style work o Center Christ with two thieves by his sides Mary fainting, held by women: known as the swooning Mary Christs appears frail and skeletal exemplifying German expression Portraits of Charles V and Jeanne de Bourbon Showing figures as pious with their Book of Hours by their sides Appear humble, kneeling on the ground o Attempt to reflect natural world Cloth draped over altar, usually for Easter as to follow subject matter of the painting o Brothers of Charles V: all commissioners of art Louis d’Argouges: least sponsored John de Berry Phillip the Bold du Burgundy Jean Bandol and Nicolas Bataille, The Apocalypse Tapestry, 13751379 The following ARH 304 notes are taken from Dr. Olson’s lecture on Jan. 20 , 2016 Commission by Louis d’Argouges Cartoon: preparatory sketch from final work o Jean Bandol: cartoons o Nicolas Bataille: weaver Detailed story in Book of Revelation o 470 ft. long, 16 ft. tall Scenes depict visions of Jean the Evangelist Colorful, elegant, international style present Jean the Evangelist in all scenes shown visions o Ex. Whore of Babylon and Harlot on the Beast Jacquemart de Hesdin, Dedication page, Jean de Berry presented to the Virgin and Child by Saint Andrew and John the Baptist, Les Tres Belles Heures de Jean Duc de Berry (The Brussels Hours), before 1402 Jean de Berry collector of book, silks, jewels, tapestries, animals etc. 1380, Charles VI (Charles the Mad) becomes king Jean de Berry inherits Book of Heures and had Pucelle recreate new book in his honor Dedication page: o Jean de Berry, wearing no crown, is presented to the Virgin and Child by John Baptiste and Saint Andrew (wearing halos) Attempt to create to 3D on 2D Mary touches scroll as Christ writes o Mary sits on Throne of Wisdom as Christ feeds from her Sapientaie: Throne of Wisdom (Latin) Maria lactans: the lactating Virgin The following ARH 304 notes are taken from Dr. Olson’s lecture on Jan. 20 , 2016 The Boucicaut Master, The Nativity and adoration of the Magi, The Hours of Jean de Boucicaut, c. 14081410 Closed space, creating area for scene to take place Herman, Paul and Jean Limbourg, The Annunciation, Les Belles Heures de Jean, Duc de Berry, c. 1410 Their work lays foundation of Renaissance art Virgin interrupted by Gabriel The following ARH 304 notes are taken from Dr. Olson’s lecture on Jan. 20 , 2016 th Dove above her head, impregnating Mary with the holy spirit
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