Lecture Notes Intro to Ethics
Lecture Notes Intro to Ethics PHIL 160
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Hansel on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 160 at Kansas taught by Lara Giordano in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at Kansas.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
Feb. 1 /3 2016 Megan Hansel Natural Law Theory Everything natural has a purpose When things follow their purpose then it is moral if it doesn’t then it is immortal Natural law is found through reason ` Ethical Objectivism: Universal moral principles are real o Apply to everyone o Real even if no one was to believe them Ethical Skepticism: Unknown if there are universal moral principles Ethical Nihilism or Amoralism: No moral principles Morality=not real Ethical Relativism: Moral principles aren’t universal Moral principles are based on individuals and groups 2 forms: o Conventionalism: (cultural relativism) Moral principles made by group or society or culture o Subjectivism: (individual relativism) Moral principles made by an individual If I approve it then it’s morally right but if I don’t accept it then it is immortal Ethnocentrism: o The belief of a group or an individual is better or more moral than others o One is better than other’s due to their culture, religion, race Cultural differences: Diversity thesis: descriptive claim; moral right and wrong are different from culture to culture and no one is right Dependency thesis: moral principles are true if a culture accepts it How do we know which society we are a part of and which justifies your moralities? U.S. Citizen KU student Clubs Sports Church How do we know when a society becomes a culture? Biggest problem with cultural relativism Some cultures are wrong o Ex: slavery due to race; one was either property owner or a piece of property (men/women) o Ethical Objectivism: Moral absolutism: o One true morality so there are no conflicting morals and no overlap Moral Pluralism: (realistic view) o Moral principles have universal validity; can be overridden by other principles
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