ARH 304 Notes January 25th
ARH 304 Notes January 25th ARH 304
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Pontin on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 304 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. Vibeke Olson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Northern Renaissance Art in Art History at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
The following ARH 304 notes were taken from Dr. Olson’s lecture on Jan. 25 2016. Northern Renaissance Art Herman, Paul and Jean Limbourg, The Annunciation, Les Belles Heures de Jean, Duc de Berry, c. 1410 Decline of artistic work after death of Duc de Berry, Limbourg brothers, and the occurrence of the plague. Combined interest of the international style. o 3D perspective, convincing space o Courtly elegance o Naturalistic detail in architecture and gowns. Modeling creating threedimensional form through use of light and shadow Manuscript made for Jean de Berry, book reflects him through: o Fleur de lis present, uncle to a king= royal insignia Annunciation scene depicted many times due to turn in Christian belief o Represent reincarnation of Christ; annunciation instigates the creation of Christ himself o Dove = holy spirit descending on rays of light (God) The following ARH 304 notes were taken from Dr. Olson’s lecture on Jan. 25 2016. Herman, Paul and Jean Limbourg, The Annunciation, Les Tres Riches Heures de Jean, Duc de Berry, c. 14131416 Annunciation scene o Holy spirit on Mary’s head o God in upper left corner o Rays of light from God project through glass stained window: “Mary’s virginity is not spoiled by Christ’s assumption of human form.” Glass unshattered = Mary’s virginity not tainted o Three lilies= father, son and holy spirit Color white to represent Mary’s purity Jean de Berry references o Fleur de lis o Small bears and swans hanging on flowers and coat of arms on border of page Jean de Berry known for collecting animals Swan: personal emblem of Jean de Berry Bears reference Jean de Berry’s mistress Oursine= “little bear” The following ARH 304 notes were taken from Dr. Olson’s lecture on Jan. 25 2016.h Herman, Paul and Jean Limbourg, The Meeting of the Magi at the Crossroads, Les Tres Riches Heures de Jean, Duc de Berry, c. 14131416 Nontraditional scene where reader fills in narrative o Allusion to courtly figures Allusions o Tour de Jacques= Saint James Tour meeting point for pilgrims going to shrine of Saint James. o Notre Dame and St. Chappelle in the background, referencing royal foundations in Paris Les Belles Heures Calendar Date in red= holidays, important days Zodiac and scene of the moth on the left The following ARH 304 notes were taken from Dr. Olson’s lecture on Jan. 25 2016. o Month of November Scene for November: harvesting of acorns to feed pigs. o Month of January Scene of feasting Jean de Berry present in crowd of feasting men o Royal apparel Blue and gold garment winter hat gold insignia necklace people facing him (space around him clear) o Attention drawn to him o Breaking realism as he appears larger than others, highlighting importance o Sitting in front of woven fire screen, resembling a halo o White swans and fleur de lis present on decoration The following ARH 304 notes were taken from Dr. Olson’s lecture on Jan. 25 2016. o Month of February No courtly celebration First realistic depiction of winter landscape in art Dead, naked tress Fallen snow Figures bundled up, condensation of breath: natural phenomenon around winter Atmospheric quality of winter sky present, portraying feel to the clouds Group of people sitting by fire to keep warm, raising garments to warm feet Figures all appear to be lower class excluding women in blue dress She is larger in size Closest to fire Knees are not showing, unlike other revealing themselves to fire Woman presumed to be lady of the manor; checking on tenants Feudal society: pyramid idea (high to low) o King o Dukes o Counts o Laborers o Peasants The following ARH 304 notes were taken from Dr. Olson’s lecture on Jan. 25 2016. o Month of April Scene of spring Chateau Dourdon Courtly figures all in gardens Duc de Berry present Scene of engagement, Bonne D’Armagnac, granddaughter of Jean de Berry o engaged to Charles D’Orleans o Ring in woman’s hand o Month of May Scene of hunting Jean de Berry presents The following ARH 304 notes were taken from Dr. Olson’s lecture on Jan. 25 2016. o Month of October o Scene of Labor o Peasants working, stacking hay o St. Chappelle in background After Jean Malouel, Philip the Bold, c. 1400 Brother with biggest territory, not avid collector like brother Jean de Berry o Interested in increasing territory through diplomacy, battle and marriage. The following ARH 304 notes were taken from Dr. Olson’s lecture on Jan. 25 2016. Married Margaret of Flanders, inherited all of territory o Influx of Flemish artist into France o Claus Sluter: sculpture of this time Philip the Bold funded monastery on outskirts of Paris: Carthusian monastery o The Chartuese de Champmol o One room cell where monks lived living on bread and prayer o Monks prayed for eternal salvation of the soul of Philip the Bold. Claus Sluter, Philip the Bold and Margaret of Flanders presents to the Virgin and Child, The Chartuese de Champmol Idea of naturalism and curtly style o Drapery and size of body convincing o Feature of figures are individualistic to the two royal members of the court Virgin and Child appear heftier, more believable Claus Sluter, The Well of Moses, The Chartreuse de Champmol, c. 13951403 Site of pilgrimage o Pilgrims dip cups to drink water of the well believed to be drinking the blood of the bleeding, tortured Christ Daniel and Isaiah o Holding their scrolls o Realistic facial expressions o Unusual as it is colored with blues and greens King David and Jeremiah o Holding scrolls and wellworn book The following ARH 304 notes were taken from Dr. Olson’s lecture on Jan. 25 2016.h Sulter pays attention to detail of weathered pages and leather binding Moses o Long beard o Horns present through translation mistake as radiating light form his head is depicted as radiating horns. Claus Sluter and Claus de Werve, Tomb of Philip the Bold, finished by 1414 Philip died 1404, Sluter died 1404; later finished by another sculpture Figures at base, standing in arcades o pleurants: mourners o Sense of reality through senses mourning reenacting funeral procession of Philip, the Bold Carved out of alabaster Covered by Carthusian hoods Wiping tears form face, carrying rosary Holding nose at the smell of rotting corpse of Philip the Bold
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