Popular in Religion 1000
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Religion
verified elite notetaker
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brooke Kaufman on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Rel 1000 at a university taught by Professor Riggs in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
Religions of the World Tuesdays and Thursdays 2-3:40 Buddhism continued Took the mini quiz on what we have learned about Buddhism so far Review: o 5 Skandhas (represent a sort of snapshot of what the First Noble Truth is) o no self o mediation o remembering the Buddha New Stuf Lotus flower: significant symbol o Grows in gross muddy water o Always stays pure in color (pink, white, or sometimes red) o Out of the muck comes a pure thing o This is the idea of Buddhism. Buddhism is rooted in samsara and blossoms into Nirvana Mandala: significant symbol o Map of the sacred path o Access to the sacred is gained through meditation o Usually has eight sections to represent “The Eightfold Path” Sangha: community of Buddhist o Four fold sangha: monks, nuns, lay men, and lay women o Ordained males and females are the monks and nuns They study and teach the Dharma o Household males and females are the lay men and lay women They support the ordained members by making food, clothes, laundry, and gathering collections Ordained members: o Men and women can both be ordained and are equally capable of being enlightened o Novice: 10 precepts (rules). Usually they are about seven or eight years old (old enough to chase the crows) o Full ordained member: About twenty years old They shave their heads They receive 250 precepts (rules) Wear robes and receives alms for their food o Vinaya: monastic rules for living A case is brought for the Buddha to ponder Buddha makes a decision about what should be done in response Exceptions to the rule are granted by the Buddha alone All rules as presented as dialogue between the Buddha and the monks or nuns The Four Great Precepts: o No sex o No stealing o No intentional killing o No lying to other people that one has supernatural powers or is enlightened when they are not If a rule is broken you leave the Buddhist order and become a lay person or are completely out of the order and go back to civilization NOT SIN: the point of these rules is to create a skillful state of mind absent of distraction, not to shame people for their natural state of impurity Household members: o They provide the material support for the ordained members: this teaches generosity o They receive the Dharma from the monks and nuns o They make merit (good karma) this way: for supporting the ordained, for allowing their children to become ordained, etc. This merit may be passed on to love ones who have already died to help them in samsara Mahayana Buddhism Mahayana: great vehicle Historical context: o Developed around 0-100 CE (500 years after Sakyamuni Buddha, or “The Buddha”, lived) o New scriptures (probably written by monks or scholars) o Written, therefor they are easier to spread to new audiences Problem: How can the Mahayana be the word of the Buddha himself? o It has been composed long after he lived o It was composed in placed he did not even visit himself Solution is as follows: o The teachings are not what the Buddha said, but what he meant when he said those things o They are reinterpretation of scriptures to give the real intention of Buddha REMEMBER, Buddha has to use conventional language for us to understand him Enlightenment is not tied to the physical body; it can happen any where at any time There are three bodies of the Buddha: o The Dharma body: this is not a physical body, but enlightenment itself o The Enjoyment body: this is the joy and peace of Nirvana, and is describes as a merit or state of being o The Transformation body: this is the body that Dharma manifests itself into, described as a time or place Religions of the World Tuesdays and Thursdays 2-3:40 Mahayana Buddhism Continued Hinduism writing assignment due on 2/11 Bodhisattva vow: o Early Buddhism/Theravada Buddhism: bodhisattva means the previous life or lives of the Sakyamuni Buddha (The Buddha) before his enlightenment o Mahayana Buddhism: bodhisattva means anyone who plans to become the Buddha in the future Vow to save infinite beings Vow to learn the teachings Vow to end inexhaustible delusions Vow to attain the Buddha’s way Motivation: compassion for others while working towards enlightenment Bodhisattvas delay final nirvana and continue practicing for multiple lifetimes Ascentient beings extend to all things including people, animals, plants, nature, etc. Avalokitescara: bodhisattva of compassion Pure Land Buddhism: o Amitabha, the savior Buddha; his name means “infinite light” o Good example of the enjoyment body o The goal is being born in the pure land because from there it is easier to achieve enlightenment than here on Earth o Includes complete devotion to Amitabha o The pure land is NOT HEAVEN o The only requirement is complete faith which means chanting Amitabha’s name; anyone can have this faith How did he become Buddha of the pure land? He took forty-eight vows to describe the future land he wanted to create. The important ones are: 18: call my name 10 times and you will be reborn in the pure land 19: those who want to be reborn in the pure land must do good deeds and I shall collect you at death and bring you home 20: concentrate on the pure land and transfer all of your good merit there Mahayana Buddhist nature: o Early Buddhism: a person follows training of mortality, wisdom, and concentration to become enlightened, but this path does not cause nirvana This path produces conditions favorable for enlightenment and nirvana o One becomes Buddha through Buddhist nature according to the Mahayana answer o Potentially leads towards enlightenment but doesn’t cause it Emptiness: o Our experiences are made up of elements o These elements are not permanent but are empty of “own being” o No eternal essence Zen Buddhism: o Started in China o The importance is on the teacher as the enlightened master o Traces lineage back to Sakyamuni Buddha: mind-to-mind transmission. Each master has the same enlightenment that the Buddha had and learned though his enlightenment o True enlightenment doesn’t come from words or books, so they use unusual experiences to bring the student the experience of awakening o Very interactive o Bodhidharma, founder of Zen (Chan) Buddhism th Looked at a famous painting by Hakuin, an 18 century Zen monk, that he did of Bodhidharma o Koan: originally means public case (is loose for legal precedent) The Zen school claims the unbroken transition between the master and his disciple began with Buddha and his disciple, Mahakasyapa Used in place of Buddhist scripture Uses teachings from various sources and various schools of thoughts
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