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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Colleen McCurry on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to COM 314 at University of Kentucky taught by Dr. Adam Parrish in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Dark Side of Interpersonal Communications in Communication at University of Kentucky.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
Obsession and Stalking COM 314 What’s stalking? o Definition: relational terrorism that creates fear in the person being stalked o It can involve harassment and threats made to them o It can also be simply defined as the forcing of a relationship by one person to another that does not want a relationship o Obsessive Relational Intrusion (ORI) o It can mimic behaviors of a close interpersonal relationship between 2 people, and it is rare that people are stalked by complete strangers. o Stalking can last over an extended period of time in multiple contexts o Stalking has to involve frequent interactions by the stalker o Both during and after are the stalker and target affected strongly by the process. Why does stalking occur? o Some stalkers have a “Goal Pursuit Theory” where people have goals and they work to reach those goals. o But in this case it is also the “Relational Pursuit” meaning that the stalker has a goal of at least having a relationship with their target o When a goal is blocked, obsessive stalkers push harder because now their self worth relies on attaining their goal for themselves. Who stalks? o It is commonly people that we know… o The “Attachment Theory” focuses on the relationship of infants and their caregivers, looking at how parents treat their children. o Responsible caregivers raised secure infants while neglectful caregivers raised insecure infants. There are 4 categories of adult attachment styles that are distinguished by 2 dimensions: o (1) Avoidant Attachment Orientation: meaning that a person is uncomfortable with closeness and often will withdraw. o (2) Anxiety Orientation: meaning that a person obsessively worries about abandonment, and need extreme closeness. What does stalking look like? o Relentless flirting o Phone calls o Sending gifts o Surveillance behaviors o Intruding on social gatherings o Following Cyber stalking behaviors o Threatening emails o Sending files with viruses in them o Hacking o Subscribing the target to services o Sending out the targets information o Identity Theft o Revenge Porn Notice that most of the actions done by the stalker in regular stalking and cyber stalking you can add the word “unwanted” in front of the examples shown and that will not automatically make those actions stalking. What does it look like? o Types: Instill fear in the target via threats Cause distress via annoyance Relentless pursuit following a failed romantic relationship from the past Gang Stalking where groups of people stalk a victim, typically in an organizational setting o 26% of victims experience it through cyberspace o This is mainly through email o Both men and women have almost a dead even split of being victims of stalking What should the victims do? o Not a good Idea: Moving toward the stalker Moving against the stalker as to cause fire Moving inward and not seeking help and relying only on what you can do o Good Ideas: Moving outward and seeking help Moving away and avoiding all contact, this is not fair to the victim yes but it is successful. Effects on the victims: o Good: Feeling more attractive Getting empowerment Getting stronger relationship bonds o Bad Affects the victims quality of life in almost every way.
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