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Lecture 20: Incentive Programs

by: Alexandra Kessler

Lecture 20: Incentive Programs ENWC201zz

Alexandra Kessler
Wildlife Conservation and Ecology
Kyle McCarthy

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About this Document

Covers the different incentive programs for preserving wildlife around the globe.
Wildlife Conservation and Ecology
Kyle McCarthy
Class Notes
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Popular in Agricultural & Resource Econ

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Kessler on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENWC201zz at University of Delaware taught by Kyle McCarthy in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 87 views. For similar materials see Wildlife Conservation and Ecology in Agricultural & Resource Econ at University of Delaware.

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Date Created: 02/04/16
Lecture 20 Incentive Programs and Sustainable Use Traditional Societies O 300 million people over 20 of the Earth s surface 0 40 fishing 0 33 gathering O 28 hunting Marginalized Populations 0 Live sidebyside with wildlife 0 Compete for resources Human Population 0 Fertility is declining but not fast enough to slow population growth 0 92 billion people by 2050 0 Marginalized Populations I Competition 0 Traditional Societies I Direct use of wildlife What happens when competition exceeds resource availability What happens when direct use is no longer sustainable O WCS and WWF seek to create balance between human use of resources and the natural balances of an ecosystem O Recognize that most conservation will have to be achieve through conservation in human social space Incentive Driven Conservation 0 Make wildlife more valuable alive than dead 0 Can have I Social Incentives I Economic Incentives I Positive Incentives I Negative Incentives 0 In the developed world negative and positive incentives are related to finances economically advantageousdisadvantageous I Hunting Fines I Lower Rental Rates 0 In the developing world negative and positive incentives usually involve finances and raw materials or the justice system I Being arrested I Conservation Bonuses 0 Ex SLE Snow Leopard Enterprises Program I SLE provides women in developing nations with training and materials to create handcrafted items from raw wool from livestock I Set to prevent retaliation killing of snow leopards who usually eat livestock Provides a conservation bonus if no snow leopards killed in that community during the year Increases family income Items marketed under SLE promotes conservation of snow leopards All profits go back to conservation I However programs cannot always be maintained in nations because Government can t pay finances High cost of program not sustainable long term 0 Incentive Programs EcoTourism I Safaris I However High leakage of tourism and wildlife trade dollars 0 There is a need to shift profits into the hands of local economies I Zimbabwe Case Study Settled by Cecil Rhodes during the Scramble for Africa Imperialism in Europe 1880s British South Africa Company Has a very medium to high food insecurity level But Zimbabweans are PROHIBITED from hunting wildlife They have exceeded their cultural carrying capacity High level of poaching and illegal hunting Zimbabwe has protected areas but 0 People need to eat 0 People needs a sustainable source of money that does not require outside input to improve livelihoods which would reduce illegal hunting money to buy food CAMPFIRE The Communal Areas Management Program for Indigenous Resources 0 Community based natural resource management 0 Safari Tours Sold 0 Hunting Tours Sold for specific animals I 90 of revenue comes from hunts I 60 of revenue comes from elephant hunts Founded in 1989 O Revenues from program go to schools electricity clean water road and mill building 0 But how does this affect elephants O I It is possible to have nonconsumptive incentive programs but success depends on regional constraints


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