FMST 301, Week 2 Notes
FMST 301, Week 2 Notes FMST 301
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Courtney Schneider on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FMST 301 at Towson University taught by Katie Hrapczynski in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Family Relationships in Women and Gender studies at Towson University.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
FMST 301 Week 2 02/02/16 – 02/04/16 Continuation of last week’s notes… Class One, Week Two: 2. Interactions can’t be role-based o Interaction has to be different than how you personally interact with others and how others interact within their own relationships o Shouldn’t be based off of social roles within our society o You have to know that the way you interact with a stranger in the hallway is different than how you’d interact with a friend you’ve known for years. o Your expectations are different than the expectations you would have for a spouse or parent 3. Members of a relationship have a relationship schema. o A relationship schema holds past interaction in your memory and can impact your future interactions o For example: You’ve noticed that every time your boyfriend takes you on a date to dinner, he always orders dessert. No matter what. You hold this interaction in your memory, so in the future you’ll know whenever you go to dinner that you will get dessert after because that is what he loves. o Helps you develop symbols for each of your relationships Types of Relationships: o Romantic – Sexual intimacy amongst partners Marriage governed by social/legal rules and expectations This is a voluntary commitment; in our country, you get to choose who you hold a romantic relationship with o Family – An association with a group of people, regardless of if they are genetically or legally related Mostly an involuntary commitment; in most situations, you are born into the family you belong to Typically permanent For example: Your blood related sister will always be your blood related sister. Even if you are estranged, you will still be sisters. The reason it is so hard to end this relationship is because of the involuntary factor; being born into a family often leaves an attachment amongst the people involved o Friend – A voluntary association, not related by blood A friendship can have a lot of diversity, meaning your interactions with each of your friends is unique and different For example: When you hang out with Jim, you are constantly making fun of each other in a light- hearted way, and you know that he’s not your go-to person for serious conversation. When you hang out with Sally, you mostly talk about your problems and go to her for guidance. Establishing interdependence: 1. Self-Report – Ask a person if they are in a relationship and what that relationship consists of. a. Think to yourself: Out of my 3 best friends, what do I get from each of them? b. Ask questions so that you can get an answer filled with more depth and information 2. Collect data from both partners – Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) and Time Series Analysis a. APIM: Partner A: Optimism Relationship Satisfaction Partner B: Optimism Relationship Satisfaction Does Partner B’s optimism impact A’s satisfaction? Does Partner A’s relationship satisfaction impact Partner B’s optimism? This model basically shows how two people’s behavior/thoughts of a relationship can impact the other. How close is our relationship? o Closeness is influenced by: Frequency of how often you interact with them How much you’re willing to disclose to them Level of shared interests or hobbies Maturity levels Life-paths Proximity in location o Behavioral Independence: 1. Frequency – how often you see each other 2. Diversity – how the people around you influence your choices in different ways For example: Beth influences you to eat healthier. Jimmy influences you to be more laid back. Susan influences you to wear dark eye-makeup. 3. Strength – intensity of the influence, how meaningful it is to you For example: My mom’s influence over me is far stronger than the influence of my second cousin. 4. Duration – length of time you’ve been interacting (does not necessarily mean that you are close) Why relationships are hard to study: o Relationships are extremely complex – every single one is different o Physical and social environment can change your observation of a relationship and can alter their individual behavior o For example: If you and your daughter are sitting in a laboratory knowing that behaviorists are watching your every move, you are most likely going to behave differently than you would in your natural environment. Relationship Phenomena: o 1. Personal factors (person + other) o 2. Relational Factors (trust, communication, mutual attraction) o 3. Environmental Factors For example: During Hurricane Sandy, how does a couple cope with the detrimental circumstances? How do they manage their emotions? Can they come together during their time of need? Why are they in the situation they are in? Class 2, Week 2: Principles of Relationship Science How do we know about relationships? o Research/reliable source – theory driven Compares data collected to what was expected What you think vs. what literature states o Observing body language For example: How can you tell someone is on a date? By observing where they are sitting, how they touch one another, how they look at each other, etc. o Intuition – gut reaction What to study? o Formulate a testable question Something that is feasible and can produce an answer o Formulate a testable prediction States your prediction of how the variables you are testing will relate to each other o Can you study it? Does a higher power exist? What’s the purpose? o Describe a relationship phenomenon (like cheating, having trust in each other, etc.) o Establish association between 2 variables (Does having trust in your partner relate to marital satisfaction?) o Determine causation (correlation does not equal causation) Data Collection Methods: o Self Report – Ask a person questions about their behaviors and feelings; this is a fast, cheap, and efficient option The downside - Sometimes we don’t give out accurate information about our personal lives, whether we mean to or not. People tend to have “selective memory” and block out the ‘bad’ or the truth. o Observation – Eliminates the bias because we have a lens as the researcher that is far more objective than the person’s opinion of themselves Research Settings: o Laboratory setting More confidence in the results Provides control of the situation and environment Might not be completely natural/authentic May be different than how they’d act at home Awkward o Field setting Located in the communities we are interested in Person is in their natural habitat (less forced) Power shift; the power now belongs to the observed, not the observer Less confidence in observations because its hard to isolate what you’re trying to study in such a broad environment More about Research: o Quantitative = Analysis with numbers and statistics o Qualitative = Describes patterns and themes in detail o Statistical vs. Practical o Must be ethical o For example: In John and Julie Gottman’s ‘Love Lab,’ they use a lot of quantitative and qualitative research to determine a couple’s compatibility and their likelihood of divorce in the future. They use monitors on their hearts, hands, etc. to monitor their pulse/sweatiness, and those numbers and statistics are quantitative. They also observe the couple interact and their social patterns, which is qualitative.
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