Sociology 370 - Sociology of SPort
Sociology 370 - Sociology of SPort SOCY 370 001
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SOCY 305 001
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sequoia Brown on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCY 370 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Derek M Silva in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 157 views. For similar materials see Sociology of Sport in Sociology at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
January 18, 20, 22, 25, 27, 29- week 2 continued and week 3 Socy 370- Sociology of Sport These are the missing blanks from the power point. The underlined words or phrases are what are missing, so I may skip some slides that are in the power point but I will type the first sentence or title of the slide so you can identify where you need to fill in. Page 30 So…rather than a solidarity based on similarity (collective consciousness), modern society stays together through Inter-dependency! The Cause of evolution 1. Material developments 2. Ideal developments Page 31 1. Material development a. Material developments are necessary, but sufficient conditions on their own 2. Ideal Development a. Durkheim argues that ideal developments are sufficient on their own to explain the causes Weber= multi- dimensionallist - Everything works together Durkheim= cultural idealist - Society developed based on cultural/ ideal - Social explanations not individual Page 32 For Durkheim, the key to this was what he called ‘the totem.” As he wrote…. Page 33 In other words our, religious totem symbolizes deities, also implicitly offer social solidarity- licenses to congregate together Page 36 Remember ….. st (1 head is Weber)= multi dimensionalist nd (2 head is Durkheim) = cultural idealist (solidarity) Page 38 The social philosophy of Karl Marx (1818-1883) Historical (or dialectical Materialism: 1. Study society as an historical process as the result of two opposing forces 2. Social issues are determined by economic conditions Page 39 st (1 head is Weber)= multi dimensionalist (2 head is Durkheim) = cultural idealist (solidarity) (3 head is Marx) = Economic determinist Page 40 Means of Production According to Marx, the organization of society depends on the means of production Modern society is characterized by capitalism - Bourgeoisie- private ownership - Proletariat- no private ownership Page 41 As such, capitalism is a system based on the exploitation of the proletariat by the bourgeoisie nd 2 half of the Introduction Powerpoint Page 2 Norbert Elias - German of Jewish decent - Originally trained in philosophy and medicine Elias’ sociological approach - The core feature of Elias figurational approach to sociology are as follows: 1. Processes- concern for process, not state 2. Blind processes 3. Interdependency 4. Power is a universal property of human relations 5. Civilizing processes Page 3 “Civilizing processes” - In his most influential book, ‘The Civilizing Process’ (1939), Elias found a long term social process…… 1. The refinement of social standards 2. An increase in the social pressure on people to exercise self control over their feelings and behaviors Page 4 From Antiquity to modernity 1. Conscience- formation 2. Rationalization of impulses 3. Control of physical violence (most important for how the theory is being applied to sociology of sport) Page 5 “Civilizing Sport” - According to him, an aspect of these overall European ‘civilizing processes’ as been the increasing control of violence and aggression within societies “Civilizing’ sport? 1. Studies of the violent antecedents of modern sport in the ancient and medieval worlds th th 2. Studies of the initial development of modern sport in the 16 -19 century England a. Ex. Jousting 3. Intensive case studies of long term development of rugby, soccer, boxing, cricket
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