New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Sociology Chapters 3-4 notes taken on 2/2 & 2/5

Star Star Star Star Star
1 review
by: Nicole197358

Sociology Chapters 3-4 notes taken on 2/2 & 2/5 sociology 2110

Marketplace > East Carolina University > Sociology > sociology 2110 > Sociology Chapters 3 4 notes taken on 2 2 2 5
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Intro to Sociology

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Intro to Sociology notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

Critical exam material was mentioned on these dates as well as things needed to know from the textbook. I mentioned what she said was for sure going to be on the exam in here for you guys though. T...
Intro to Sociology
Lori Heald
Class Notes
Sociology 2110, East Carolina University, Lori Heald, sociology, Intro to sociology




Star Star Star Star Star
1 review
Star Star Star Star Star
"Yes please! Looking forward to the next set!"
Kiana Muller

Popular in Intro to Sociology

Popular in Sociology

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicole197358 on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to sociology 2110 at East Carolina University taught by Lori Heald in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at East Carolina University.


Reviews for Sociology Chapters 3-4 notes taken on 2/2 & 2/5

Star Star Star Star Star

Yes please! Looking forward to the next set!

-Kiana Muller


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/05/16
Sociology chapters 3-4 notes  Quantitative research: focused more on numerical data  Qualitative research: focused more on the quality of the research  Epistemology: our capacity of worldly knowledge  Hypothesis: prediction of the correlation between two or more variables; cause & effect  Causality: what leads to changes from one factor to another  Operationalization: how we answer questions, hands on  Variable: anything  Independent variable-> Dependent variable; the independent variable comes before anything else  Which variable is dependent? -Income & education -Alcohol & car crashes -Amount of time studying & course grades  Out of all research methods, surveys are the cheapest because they can be done anonymously and online  Experiments are not performed in labs for sociologists. Sociologists perform quasi-experiments: taking info and data from a lab already performed and using it in research  Best method for studying? -Bathroom behavior: field research because its better to be in there in that environment -Cheating on a spouse/mate: survey to keep it anonymous -Do longer lunch breaks increase worker productivity: quasi-experiment because you would need data from an experiment -How do serial killers differ from others: interviews in prisons -What was it like in a concentration camp in WWII: comparative- historical research since not many survivors are still alive  In collecting data we’re really after validity, not reliability. Because when you have validity it’s expected to be like that every time vs. reliability where it is likely to be the same but it isn’t 100% of the time. You can have validity and reliability, but you can’t have reliability and validity. Validity has to come first  Correlation DOES NOT equal causation  When surveying if you don’t have a representative sample chosen randomly, then your research is questioned  A survey sample has to consist of at least 1,000 people  Weighting: when minorities in a group are underrepresented. For example, there might be a survey with men and women and what their sex lives are like. Let’s say they have 20 men take the survey and 10 women take the survey, to equal them both out the researcher will just double each woman’s survey results. In other words, men=1, women=2.  THIS WILL BE ON THE EXAM, SAID IN CLASS ON 2/4: Value-less research: not including your personal values in your research  EXAM: Self: contains your identity and where you stand in the social hierarchy; created and mentioned through social interaction  EXAM: Mirrored-self or Looking-glass self: we see ourselves based on what others say about us  Significant other: anyone who influences our behavior  Reference groups: people whose positions and views are important to you and that you want to be a part of  Role models: people who we respect and honor; we look up to them  Generalized other: everybody else  Socialization: the process of learning the rules of society/ how society works  Ethnomethodology: how people in specific groups get things done  Context: the situation. For example, waiving “hi’ is less direct than asking “how are you?”  Conversation Qs help us to be civil towards each other rather than be mean. For example, me: “do you want to get coffee?” response: “ummm…” me: “okay nevermind”  Emotion: putting on a performance (how you are supposed to behave emotionally in situations)  Civil inattention: acknowledging someone, but ignoring their presence  Status: your position/role in society  Role set: what is expected for a particular social position  Labeling deviants: people who have the power to label people or things as problematic for society. Example: the government  Self-fulfilling prophecy: predicting something and it comes true.  THINGS TO KNOW FROM THE TEXTBOOK: -Asch conformity experiment: question: How soon would it take someone to conform to a wrong answer? One person would say the wrong answer and 75% of the people in the experiment would conform to the wrong answer. -Milgram’s obedience to authority experiment conformity: question: Why did the German’s follow Hitler? Is it a human trait? “How punishment affects learning”, really “how people obey to authority”. “Shocking children” if they got an answer wrong. The test subject didn’t know they weren’t actually shocking anyone. But they thought they were and with each wrong answer they turned up the voltage. 80% of them quit right before the lethal voltage dose. -Zimbardo’s Stanford prison experiment: goal: to see authority and taking the role of others. Everyone knew it was an experiment, they were all going to be a prison guard or an inmate. It only took hours for everyone to assume their role. Had to cut it short after 6 days, supposed to last 6 weeks.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.