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Phonetics week two notes

by: Ashley Canik

Phonetics week two notes CSD 262

Ashley Canik
Kay Hagedorn

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About this Document

Notes from 2-2 through 2-4
Kay Hagedorn
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Phonetics

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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Canik on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CSD 262 at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Kay Hagedorn in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Phonetics in Language at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire.


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Date Created: 02/05/16
Notes from 2216 class period 0 Phone the sounds physically made by human vocal tracts 0 African language Alveolar clicks Bilabial clicks lngressive clicks all three of those are foreign to us but we can be taught to pronounce them correctly Phoneme are sounds with meaning 0 A phone Morphemes Smallest unit of language with menaing o 1 or more morphemes in each word 0 Every morpheme does not have to equal a word 0 Ex apples Apples 2 morphemes Morphemic transcription analyzes language samples 0 Identi es the meaningful units of language 0 But not speech sounds within a language Example review for syllables and canonical shape Snowing CCVVC it has 2 syllables ConsonantsC VowesV Allophone do not make a difference in meaning 0 Perceive as same sound Korean s z c are equal to sue shoe zoo 2types Member of a family of sounds In free variation vary the way phoneme is produced Example quottopuhquot released or quottopquot unreleased Complementary distribution 40 means 60 must be complementary Example forcednot free quottopquot aspirated t vs quotStopquot unaspirated t forced towards production 0 Minimal pair contrast set of words 2 3 quotpair39squot that differ by only 1 phoneme o Onsetnucleuscoda test phone to see if it39s a phoneme 0 Example Dicemice Ricerace 0000 O changing 1 sound at a time Doghoglogfog onset Dogdotpotrotcot onset Potpetlet coda Minimal pair 2 words 0 Minimal contrast a lot of words Dogdig nucleus change only changed one sound Dogdowncoda change Phonemic Transcirption transcribing what we expect to hear 0 Uses IPA pepper phonetics Places them in Broad transcription Not concerned with aophonic differences coarticulation Example quothagquot hqg but we hear quothaguequot so we transcribe h3g more narrow Coarticulation in uence of 1 or more phonemes 0 Example ldon39t wanna I don39t want to Has skinny won ask anyone Depress score The press corps Dew wino hue do I know you Reese urchin Research Deep element Development Phonetic transcription every difference we can pull out allophones heard 0000 in speech 0 Uses IPA diacritic markers 0 Uses 0 quotnarrow transcitpionquot go beyond broad phonemic transcription


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