Intro to Policing Chapter 4 Notes
Intro to Policing Chapter 4 Notes CJ 210
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erin Swanson on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 210 at University of North Dakota taught by Jason Twede in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 67 views. For similar materials see Intro to Policing in Criminal Justice at University of North Dakota.
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Date Created: 02/05/16
Intro to Policing Chapter 4 Notes: Police Organizations Quasi-Military Style of Police Organization: - Uniforms - Military-style rank designations - Hierarchical command structure - Authoritarian organization style - Legal authority to use deadly force and carry weapons Criticisms: - Cultivates an “us vs. them” attitude - Encourages the idea of a “war on crime” - Authoritarian style contrary to democratic principles and produces low morale - Rigid structure leaves room for job dissatisfaction Police Departments as Organizations: -Dominant style is as a complex bureaucracy -Characterized by: -Complex organizations -Tasks assigned to “bureaus” -Hierarchy and clear division of labor -Responsibility for specific tasks delegated to lower-ranking employees -Clear chain of command -Clear unity of command -Written rules and regulations (policy manuals) -Flow of information according to chain of command -Clear career paths Bureaucracy in Policing: Problems: - Unable to adapt to change - Communication breaks down within - Departments can become self-serving - Talents of employees not always utilized Benefits: - Control police discretion - Reduction of misconduct - Checks and balances Alternatives to Bureaucracy: -Community Policing: -Decentralizes decision making -Deformalizes (relaxes on rules and policies) -Despecializes (jack of all trades) -Delayerizes (cut distance between officer and chief) -Task Forces: -Composed of officers of different rank -Composed of officers from different agencies
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