PSY 2403, Chapter 1
PSY 2403, Chapter 1 PSY 2403 003
Popular in Introduction to Personality
Popular in Psychlogy
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Bouterse on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 2403 003 at University of Oklahoma taught by Dr. Cox - Fuenzalida in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Personality in Psychlogy at University of Oklahoma.
Reviews for PSY 2403, Chapter 1
Eugh...this class is soo hard! I'm so glad that you'll be posting notes for this class
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/05/16
• Interest in Personality Curiosity with what makes people "tic" - ancient origins ‣ we like to be able to predict things/people around us ‣ reduces anxiety when you know what to expect - predictability Prior to modern era ‣ Oracles, fortunetellers, etc. ‣ Pseudosciences • false assumptions and biased observations • not empirically supported or tested • Ex. Phrenology (??): contours in the skull are caused by 30 origins Psychograph: prints out where all contours and protrusions are Astrological Chart: infers personality and aspects of a person's future Numerology: lucky number 7, Friday the 13th, 666 Palmistry: attempts to understand future events and other abstract qualities • What is Personality? today we do not rely on pseudosciences, the study of personality tends to be biological and experimental Private deﬁnition ‣ stresses private, central, inner core (e.g., motives, attitudes, fantasies) Social deﬁnition ‣ public, social stimulus or organized behavioral characteristics that are visible Global deﬁnition ‣ composite of qualities or characteristics ‣ sum total of the physical, mental, emotional, social qualities "Personality" stems from "persona" or "mask" Personality deﬁned: ‣ a pattern of relatively permanent traits, dispositions, or characteristics that give some consistency to human behavior ‣ traits, characteristics, dispositions: used interchangeably ‣ there may be outside factors that temporarily alter what others thinks of someone's usual personality in a given moment (i.e., some consistency) • Concerns of personality theory How are we all alike - human nature How are some of us diﬀerent - shared culture ‣ guys vs. girls, introverts vs. extroverts, diﬀerences in sub-cultures How are we unique - particular cluster of genes and experiences • Goals of personality theory Describe what humans are like Explain why we are like we are • Where do we see personality? Headlines Motion pictures, books, etc. Importance of personality in health and success Professional journals Pragmatic concerns ‣ employee selection ‣ diagnosis of personality disorders • What makes a theory useful Generates research Is falsiﬁable (veriﬁable) ‣ deﬁned and tested in a lab setting Organizes known data ‣ does the new theory help you organize your understanding of human behavior any better? Guides action (practical) Is parsimonious (simple) Has predictive eﬃciency ‣ does it help you predict and understand behavior? • Determinants of personality Genetics ‣ the most common deﬁnition for a personality Traits ‣ risk taking, need for achievement, etc. ‣ physical traits, inherited traits, learned traits, strong (biological)/weak (idiosyncrasies) traits Sociocultural determinants ‣ learned societal customs help determine personality types ‣ environment they grew up in Learning ‣ changing the environment to change the behavior ‣ punishment, etc. forces behavior to change Existential humanistic (free will) ‣ people have the ability to make choices to change their behavior ‣ conscious in thinking about behavior Unconscious mechanisms Cognitive processes ‣ how people attend to, process, and retain information ‣ retention helps people to recreate behaviors • Dimensions Determinism vs. free choice Pessimism vs. optimism ‣ personality is not very changeable (pessimistic) ‣ personality is easily changed (optimistic) Causality vs. teleology ‣ is the personality a product of instinct/traits (causality) ‣ is it future-oriented/being pulled by the future; personality is being created by beliefs and goals (teleology) Conscious vs. unconscious Biological vs. social inﬂuences Uniqueness vs. similarity among people ‣ similarities or diﬀerences between people
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'