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SOCI 1160, Week 5 Notes

by: Amber Levister

SOCI 1160, Week 5 Notes SOCI 1160 030

Amber Levister
GPA 4.01

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About this Document

These notes covered the lectures from Tuesday 2/9 and Thursday 2/11
Intro to Social Problems
Mindy Stombler
Class Notes
sociology, Social problems
25 ?




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amber Levister on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1160 030 at Georgia State University taught by Mindy Stombler in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Intro to Social Problems in Sociology at Georgia State University.


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Date Created: 02/05/16
Intro  to  Social  Problems Tues.  (2/9)  &  Thurs.  (2/11)   Tuesday  2/9   Conclusion  of  Power,  Income,  and  Wealth  Inequality   -­‐Race  gaps  in  wealth: • Black  and  Latino  HH  nearly  2x  as  likely  (compared  to  White  HH)  to  have  0  or   negative  net  worth;  no  safety  net   o White:  18.6%  have  0  or  negative  net  worth   o Latino:  35.8%  have  0  or  negative  net  worth   o Black:  33.9%  have  0  or  negative  net  worth   Black  HH=  $4,995   Latino  HH=  $7,424                                              Black/White  gap  22x   Asian  HH=  $69,580   White  HH=  $110,729   • Reasons  for  gap:   o Housing  Crisis     § White  families  are  more  likely  to  receive  help  w/  down  payments   for  a  home   § Black  wages  lower  and  unemployment  higher;  education  qualities   lower   § Lending  discrimination  (red-­‐lining)  where  gov.  would  not  offer   interest  loans  to  certain  areas  w/  large  black  pop.   § Greater  %  of  black  wealth  tied  up  in  housing   Poverty  in  the  U.S.   -­‐Definition:   •  Inadequate  housing  (rent)   •  Living  paycheck  to  Paycheck  (healthcare,  food,  transportation,  utilities)   Absolute  Poverty=  having  a  standard  of  living  that’s  at/below  the  minimum  “adequate”   diet,  health,  and  shelter   • Poverty  Line:  based  on  a  government  calculation;  14.8%  of  ppl  are  poor  (1  in  7   Americans);  1960s  line  created   o -­‐Single  person  w/  less  than  $11,770/yr.   o -­‐3  ppl  w/  less  than  20,000   o -­‐4  ppl  w/  less  than  $24,  250   o GA  rate  of  poverty  is  19%   Supplemental  Poverty  Measure  (SPM)  (new)   • Government  using  this  along  with  the  old  one  to  measure  poverty;  rate  goes  up     Why  is  poverty  underestimated?   1. Poverty  line  calculation  is  problematic  bc  the  calculation  itself  based  on  food  x3;   transportation  went  up,  housing  went  up,  health  went  up   2. We  undercount  certain  populations:   i. Multiple  families  in  one  apt.   ii. Rural  poor  that  are  hard  to  access   iii. Undocumented  immigrants   iv. Migrant  farmworkers   v. Prisoners   vi. Anyone  living  in  an  institution  (dorms,  nursing  homes,  military  barracks)   Absolute  Poverty  vs.  Relative  Poverty   • Relative:  ½  of  society’s  median  income  (HH)  ($54,000/  2à  27,000)  so  if  your   HH  earned  less  than  27,000  you’re  considered  poor     Thursday  2/11   Poverty  in  the  U.S.  continued…   -­‐Near  Poor:  earning  150%  of  the  poverty  line   • ex:  a  family  of  4  making  less  than  $36,000/yr   • usually  white,  elderly,  and  working  FTYR  (full-­‐time  yr  round)   • “hover  above”  the  poverty  line   -­‐Within  the  Poor  Population   -­‐“Severely  poor”  &  “Deep  poor”=  make  less  than  ½  the  poverty  line   o Of  the  poor  population,  over  44%  are  severely  poor   o Of  the  U.S.  population  6.6%  are  severely  poor   Disproportionately  Poor=  suffer  disproportionately  from  poverty   • Women  (feminization  of  poverty)   o Work  in  lower  wage  jobs   o Wage  gap  for  women  and  men  (79  cents  for  FTYR  workers)   o Caregivers;  have  to  cut  back  hours  on  actual  jobs   o Divorce  and  women’s  economic  disadvantage  from  it   • Geography  (Spatial  Concentration)  (esp.  in  the  South)   o 24%  of  Mississippians  are  poor   o Negative  consequences:     § poorly  funded  education   § businesses/other  services  move  out   § increased  burden  on  social  services  (police,  hospitals,  social   workers)     § decline  in  neighborhoods  à  lower  property  value   § poor  health  outcomes  (physical/  mental)   • Race/  Ethnicity   Race   %  of  General  pop.  (U.S.)   Pov.  Rate  (%  in  pov.)   -­‐White   62%   11%   -­‐Black   13%   27%   -­‐Latinos   17%   24%   -­‐Asian   5%   13%   -­‐Native  Americans   1%   28%   -­‐Multi  Racial   2.5%   20%           • Children  (“infantalization  of  poverty”)   o 21%  poverty  rate   o WCPR=  11%   o  BCPR=  38%                                      PR  for  kids  in  Female-­‐headed  Households=  47%   o ACPR=10%     o  LatCPR=30%                   -­‐Myths  about  Poverty   • Poor  people  are  lazy  &  don’t  want  to  work   o Poor  Pop.=  100%;  of  this  group  36%=kids,  64%=  adults   o of  poor  adults:  9.1%  work  FTYR  (still  poor);  34.4%  work  PT  (still  poor)   o of  non-­‐working  poor  adults:  27%=ill/  disabled;  20%=  retired;     20%=  watching  kids/  keeping  house;  19%=in  school/training  full-­‐time;   11%=  “actively  seeking  work”,  3%=  other  à  .16%  of  U.S.  pop   2/12/16 5:24 PM 2/12/16 5:24 PM


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