SOCI 1160, Week 5 Notes
SOCI 1160, Week 5 Notes SOCI 1160 030
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amber Levister on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1160 030 at Georgia State University taught by Mindy Stombler in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Intro to Social Problems in Sociology at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 02/05/16
Intro to Social Problems Tues. (2/9) & Thurs. (2/11) Tuesday 2/9 Conclusion of Power, Income, and Wealth Inequality -‐Race gaps in wealth: • Black and Latino HH nearly 2x as likely (compared to White HH) to have 0 or negative net worth; no safety net o White: 18.6% have 0 or negative net worth o Latino: 35.8% have 0 or negative net worth o Black: 33.9% have 0 or negative net worth Black HH= $4,995 Latino HH= $7,424 Black/White gap 22x Asian HH= $69,580 White HH= $110,729 • Reasons for gap: o Housing Crisis § White families are more likely to receive help w/ down payments for a home § Black wages lower and unemployment higher; education qualities lower § Lending discrimination (red-‐lining) where gov. would not offer interest loans to certain areas w/ large black pop. § Greater % of black wealth tied up in housing Poverty in the U.S. -‐Definition: • Inadequate housing (rent) • Living paycheck to Paycheck (healthcare, food, transportation, utilities) Absolute Poverty= having a standard of living that’s at/below the minimum “adequate” diet, health, and shelter • Poverty Line: based on a government calculation; 14.8% of ppl are poor (1 in 7 Americans); 1960s line created o -‐Single person w/ less than $11,770/yr. o -‐3 ppl w/ less than 20,000 o -‐4 ppl w/ less than $24, 250 o GA rate of poverty is 19% Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) (new) • Government using this along with the old one to measure poverty; rate goes up Why is poverty underestimated? 1. Poverty line calculation is problematic bc the calculation itself based on food x3; transportation went up, housing went up, health went up 2. We undercount certain populations: i. Multiple families in one apt. ii. Rural poor that are hard to access iii. Undocumented immigrants iv. Migrant farmworkers v. Prisoners vi. Anyone living in an institution (dorms, nursing homes, military barracks) Absolute Poverty vs. Relative Poverty • Relative: ½ of society’s median income (HH) ($54,000/ 2à 27,000) so if your HH earned less than 27,000 you’re considered poor Thursday 2/11 Poverty in the U.S. continued… -‐Near Poor: earning 150% of the poverty line • ex: a family of 4 making less than $36,000/yr • usually white, elderly, and working FTYR (full-‐time yr round) • “hover above” the poverty line -‐Within the Poor Population -‐“Severely poor” & “Deep poor”= make less than ½ the poverty line o Of the poor population, over 44% are severely poor o Of the U.S. population 6.6% are severely poor Disproportionately Poor= suffer disproportionately from poverty • Women (feminization of poverty) o Work in lower wage jobs o Wage gap for women and men (79 cents for FTYR workers) o Caregivers; have to cut back hours on actual jobs o Divorce and women’s economic disadvantage from it • Geography (Spatial Concentration) (esp. in the South) o 24% of Mississippians are poor o Negative consequences: § poorly funded education § businesses/other services move out § increased burden on social services (police, hospitals, social workers) § decline in neighborhoods à lower property value § poor health outcomes (physical/ mental) • Race/ Ethnicity Race % of General pop. (U.S.) Pov. Rate (% in pov.) -‐White 62% 11% -‐Black 13% 27% -‐Latinos 17% 24% -‐Asian 5% 13% -‐Native Americans 1% 28% -‐Multi Racial 2.5% 20% • Children (“infantalization of poverty”) o 21% poverty rate o WCPR= 11% o BCPR= 38% PR for kids in Female-‐headed Households= 47% o ACPR=10% o LatCPR=30% -‐Myths about Poverty • Poor people are lazy & don’t want to work o Poor Pop.= 100%; of this group 36%=kids, 64%= adults o of poor adults: 9.1% work FTYR (still poor); 34.4% work PT (still poor) o of non-‐working poor adults: 27%=ill/ disabled; 20%= retired; 20%= watching kids/ keeping house; 19%=in school/training full-‐time; 11%= “actively seeking work”, 3%= other à .16% of U.S. pop 2/12/16 5:24 PM 2/12/16 5:24 PM
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