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Sociology 10CD Week 3 Notes

by: Alyssa Husko

Sociology 10CD Week 3 Notes soc 10CD

Alyssa Husko
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
GPA 3.4

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These notes will be on the 1st exam
Principles of Sociology 10CD
Dr. Timothy O'Boyle
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Husko on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to soc 10CD at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Timothy O'Boyle in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Principles of Sociology 10CD in Sociology at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.

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Date Created: 02/05/16
Week 3  European sociologists were mostly interested in developing large scale social theories while U.S. sociologists focus mostly on specific problems.  Jane Addams- Founder of sociology in the United States o Founder of social work o She founded the Hull House, center of social reform and research. The chief goal of the Hull House was to solve social problems using sound sociological theory. o Focused on immigrants  Immigration bureau, then started the children’s immigration bureau.  Also focused on the elderly and pushed for social security.  Worried about people who got hurt at work  ONLY sociologist ever to win a Nobel peace prize  W.E.B. Dubois- African American o 1 African American to get a PHD from Harvard. o Fought for racial equality o One of the founders of NAACP o Moved to Ghana and passed away right before the American Civil Rights Movement  Sociological Perspectives o 3 major perspectives  Functionalists- assume all parts are independent and everything in society has a different reason  We need criminals to employ officers, judges, jail workers  We need farmers for grocery stores, restaurants, eating  Family, school, economy, government, etc. all interrelate.  If social order is disrupted, it will at some point adjust again  European View- Mechanical Solidarity- people do similar work, have similar beliefs, values, and small scale traditional societies (like the Amish) Organic Solidarity- people in society preform a wide variety of specialized tasks, and have to depend on one and other.  US View- Social consensus and society functions in 2 ways  Manifest Function- intended and seems obvious o Going to college to get an education  Latent Function- Unintended and unorganized o Going to college and finding a spouse  Functionalism justifies status quo. o Conflict Perspective- society is always changing marked by conflict. There are conflicts between groups (Focuses on inequality) and the imbalance of power.  Feminist Theory- A form of conflict theory that explains human life through the perspectives of women. o Believe that women’s experiences differ of men’s. Women are interested in bearing and caring for children and are gentle and peaceful. Men are opposite and have more money and power.  Believed women are oppressed, restrained, and abused by a man dominated society Patriarchy- A system of domination with men exercising power over women. o There are 3 Feminist theories  Liberal Feminists- gender differences can be traced to socialization that transmits cultural values through family, friends, school, and media.  Social Feminists- Gender inequalities originate from the need of capitalism to enhance profits by turning women into wives and serving as unpaid care givers.  Radical Feminists- Only women can bear children and men are naturally aggressive. Men use their aggression to force women to raise children and depend on them for security. Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives- Believe people assign meaning to each other’s words and actions that our own response to a person’s action itself, but our subjective interpretation of that person’s actions. o Waving your hand in America = Either Hello or Thank you! o Sticking your tongue out in Taiwan= Hello Symbolic Interaction- interactions between individuals that is governed by their interpretation of the meaning of symbols. o Symbols are primarily spoken words but they could be anything  It is believed that human behavior is not real of itself but becomes only after it has been subjected to reality construction. Reality Construction- the process by which we interpret what a given action means and respond in accordance with interpretation. o Symbolic interactionists believe that human behavior is fluid, always changing. o We construct reality based on our experiences.


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