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SOCI1160, Week 2 Notes

by: Regina George

SOCI1160, Week 2 Notes SOCI 1160 030

Regina George
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

This will be on the exam. Prostitution, Pornography, Drugs, and Violence. Applying functionalist and conflict theories to the social problems.
Introduction to Social Problems
Dr. Emilie Khair
Class Notes
soci, sociology, prostitute, prostitution, porn, pornography, Drugs, drug, violence, Abuse, Functionalism, Conflict Theory, functionalist theory, sex work, sex slave, sex trafficking, sex, Money, slut, hoe, stripper
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Regina George on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1160 030 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Emilie Khair in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Social Problems in Sociology at Georgia State University.


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Date Created: 02/05/16
Wednesday, February 3, 2016 Social Problems Related to Sexual Behavior Prostitution - Prostitution: renting a body for sexual purposes - Pornography: writings, pictures, or objects or a sexual nature that people object to as being immoral or filthy - Sex is not ever only a personal matter; these actions are controlled by society - deviance: not the norm - Prostitution • Illegal nature - corporate prostitution - sex tourism • police reports are more likely to only reflect arrest rates of streetwalkers • temporary nature of the work • how do norms guide prostitute behavior • is it a deviant subculture - homosexual prostitution - maintaining a heterosexual identity - Applying Functionalism • Functionalists see prostitution as a way of controlling or channeling sexual behavior. - Prostitutes provide a sexual outlet for men who • have problems lmao • are literally disgusting • This does not threaten the male ego!!!! • Black market, built on a mutually beneficial relationship • Conflict Theory - Arrests • What social factors contribute to prostitution? - Commercialization - economic disparities between wealthy and poor - demand is greatest when large numbers of men are congregated for long periods of time Pornography • Writings, pictures, objects of a sexual nature that people object to as being filthy or immoral • Pornifying of america 1 Wednesday, February 3, 2016 - internet - web cams - sexting - multibillion dollar industry • writers • publishers • actors • filmmakers • owners of bookstores, supermarkets, hotels • How porn affects people - Meese Commission: what you see is likely to be imitated Drugs - Objective - Subjective - Symbolic Interactionism • Concentrates on the social implications associated with drug use - Functionalists argue that drug abuse is a response to the weakening norms of society leading to a condition of formlessness or anomie • functional - physical/mental help (deinstitutionalization) - removes tension - good for growers, processors, distributors, sellers • dysfunctional - harmful to individuals and families of users - interferes with physical or social functioning - large scale costs • AIDS medical costs • • driving fatalities loss of human potential • 2 Wednesday, February 3, 2016 • crimes • unemployment - Latent function • strengthens control agencies • Conflict Theorists argue that a drug use occurs as a response to the inequality perpetuated by a capitalist society. If the use of a drug is common among the poor, for example, making the drug illegal will allow authorities to unleash the police against them - Alcohol is legal because it’s mostly consumed by white males - Marijuana TaxAct of 1937 - Dilutes interest in social change - Anslinger • told stories about kids in danger from drugs • Medicalizing Human Problems - Drugs offer a medical “solution” for the problems that people confront in every day life • Profit margins • People diagnose….doctors prescribe • Drug therapy:ADHD • Abuse of prescription drugs - death in the news - pharm parties Politics and Social Policy • - Control Policies - Law Enforcement • incarceration • revolving-door cycle • raising minimum age • war on drugs - Decriminalization and Legalization • Medical Marijuana 3 Wednesday, February 3, 2016 • civil liberties • complications of foreign policy and facilitation of drug trafficking due to a borderless world • drug education • Drug Use, Crime, Violence - Does it cause crime? • No: marijuana, barbiturates • Yes: amphetamines, heroine, crack • most prison inmates have a history of substance abuse Violence - Safety Valve Theory • prevents people from acting violent - Trigger Theory causes violence • - What makes violence a social problem? • Violence: the use of force to injure people or destroy their property • Objective Dimension - Rate of Violence • Subjective Dimension - Fear? Vulnerability? Culture of Violence? • Sociological Question: What is it about a society that increases or decreases the likelihood of violence? - Contrasting approaches to understanding violence - Biological Explanations Atavistic • • Evolutionary • Phrenology • Body Type - Psychological 4 Wednesday, February 3, 2016 • Frustration-Aggression - Learning Theories • Operant Conditioning • Modeling - SociologicalApproach • Social Environment - Symbolic Interactionism • Why do people kill? - DifferentialAssociation (Sutherland, 1947) • Those who associate with lawbreakers are more likely to break the law. - Subcultures of Violence (Wolfgang, 1958) • Masculinity: Triggers are not “trivial” - Merton’s Strain Theory (know for exam, in textbook) - Gottfredson and Hirschi: Control Theory • Why some people become violent and others don’t - Lack of self-control - Emphasis on Immediate Gratification • Ineffective child-rearing practices - adequate monitoring - recognition of deviant behavior - fair and consistent punishment 5


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