Criminal Justice 254 Week 2 Notes
Criminal Justice 254 Week 2 Notes Crmj 254
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis Braxton on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Crmj 254 at Towson University taught by Miriam D. Sealock in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at Towson University.
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Date Created: 02/05/16
Intro to Criminal Justice CRMJ 254 Week 2 Spring 2016 Defining Characteristics and Goals of American Criminal Justice System Three concepts Federalism Discretion Individual freedom v. Community Interest Federalism Powers and responsibilities are divided between national and state government (each acts according to its own interest). Bodies of law define appropriate conduct for all and to restrict the actions of representatives of government. Law Enforcement Agencies to enforce laws and investigate crimes Court Systems To interpret law, prosecute criminal cases and determine guilt. Correctional Systems To punish and/or rehabilitate convicted offenders. Discretion Making decisions (Should a case move on to the next step of the process?) Once a crime has occurred, various actors (Crime victim, police, etc.) use discretion to decide what occurs next. Individual freedoms Community Interest Individual rights Public safetypreserving the health Constitutional rights and due and security of a general process community. Expectation of being free from System efficiency competence of unnecessary governmental the criminal justice process. intrusions into one’s private matters. Examples Bail Hearings(Collateral, granted freedom) o Flight Risk o Safety Risk o May be considered a punishment. Sobriety checkpoints o Stops must be brief(not prolonged) o Sufficient warning gear to stop and there is an opportunity for the vehicle to turn around o Placement of checkpoints are determined by prior experiences/history o Decisions on what vehicle will be stopped are predetermined o Contrast to Drug interdiction Checkpoints Not justified (not putting individuals in immediate danger) Sex offender registration and notification laws o Megan’s Law states must prove means of notifying community residents about presence of sex offenders in their neighborhood. Possible exam question: Discuss a policy that shows the balance of individual freedom v. Community interest. Criminal law acts are illegal and subject to criminal penalty and the rights of citizens and procedures officials must follow to achieve system’s goals. Criminal justice is where criminal law operates and applied Goals of Criminal Justice System Doing Justice Holding offenders accountable Treating people fairly o Protect the rights those who have contact with the system Offenders Crime victims(to a lesser extent) o “Like” offenses will be treated alike BUT also take into account relevant differences among offenders and offenses. Responding to crime Criminal Justice is designed to manage crime by: o Arresting o Prosecuting o Convicting Punishing those who disobey the law
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