HST 103, Week 3 of Notes
HST 103, Week 3 of Notes HST 103
Popular in World History to 1600
Popular in History
This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allyssa Johnson on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HST 103 at Missouri State University taught by Dr. Julia Troche in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see World History to 1600 in History at Missouri State University.
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Date Created: 02/05/16
HST 103: World History to 1600 Spring SEMESTER 2016 INSTRUCTOR: DR. Julia Troche Juliatroche@missouristate.edu 01 February 2016 Herodotus: Birth of history and the Egyptian history; Founder Chronology: Predynastic and Early Dynastic Period ~4400-2600 BCE (Dyn. 0-2) ○ Old Kingdom (2600-2140 BCE) (Dyn. 3-6) ○ First Intermediate Period (2140-2022 BCE) (Dyn. 7-11) ○ Middle Kingdom (2022-1650 BCE) (Dyn. 11- 13) ○ Second Intermediate Period (1650-1539 BCE) (Dyn.14-17) ○ New Kingdom (1539-1069 BCE) (Dyn. 18-20) ○ Third intermediate Kingdom ( 1069-656 BCE) (Dyn. 21-25) ○ Late Period (656-332 BCE) (Dyn. 26-30) ○ Ptolemaic Period (305-31 BCE) ; Alexander the great dies July 10, 323 ○ Roman Period (30-395 BCE) Dynasties breakdown thanks to Manetho. 3rd c.BC, born in the Delta wrote in greek during the reign of Ptolemy II, was an Egyptian priest. Seemed to have read Herodotus. Original text not preserved, only excerpts in the other writers such as Josephus. These quotes don’t always agree so it’s not always possible to reconstruct the original text. His dynasties are more or less those that we today, and it’s not clear that there was any such definition previously. He had 30 dynasties. estimates of reign lengths. Drew on both stories (like Herodotus did) and official records, probably mostly from temples. 1 *Imp Place globally=crossroads between Africa and the Med. Sea *Nubia=South *Lybia=West *Mesopotamia=Modern Iraq/Iran *Nile is easy to cross, as it is rather narrow in most parts Land of dualities: Upper/Lower Egypt Black Land (Kemet)/Red Land (Deshert) *Cataracts=rocky mounds in the river Two Nile Sources=White Nile and Blue Nile White Nile gave water to Egypt’s low flood (Jan.-June) Blue Nile provided the annual inundation brings sediment in Ethiopia Nubian Nile is subsequently different from Egyptian even after White Nile and Blue Nile meet and there is the same sort relatively flat trajectory to the sea. First floodplain itself is much narrower in most places not as much agriculture (second cataracts)/ Cataracts are difficult to travel. *Delta is approx. ⅔ of cultivable land in Egypt Sources of Chronological Knowledge” Relative: artifacts seriations contemporary dated royal documents King’s List: Palermo Stone (c.2400 BCE) 2 Abydos King List (c.1285 BCE) Turin Canin (late NK) Manetho(3rd c. BCE) other king list known from temples and private tombs 3 February 2016 Absolute C14 dating Astronomical Observations ● Sothic rising Senwosret III (c.1872 BCE) ● Sothic rising Amenhotep I (c.1541 BCE) *Epigraph=recording of sculptures *Ostraca=pottery stone to write notes *Shufti *Thoth”god” associated w/Libis (bird) Egyptian Prehistoric timeline Paleolithic (c.700,000-7000 BCE) Saharan Neolithic (c.8800-4700 BCE) Lower Egyptian and Chalcolithic (c.5300-3200 BCE) Predynastic Badarin (c.4400-3800) Naqada I/Amratian (c.3900-3650 BCE) Naqada II/Gerzen (c.3650-3300 BCE) Early Dynastic Naqada III (c. 3300-2950 BCE) Predynastic and Archaic Period ~4400-2600 BCE (Dyn. 0-2) KeyIdeas: Unification Memphis becomes capitol 3 Development of writing Serekh=evidence for the creation of the office of kingship Codified system of symbols, representations (shared acts, religion, myths, political system, craft throughout all of Egypt) *Horus “god” of kingship Taramsa Hull Burial provided skeletal remains for Middle Paleolithic/Late Pleistocene, c.55,00 yrs. ago earliest Egyptian so far identified dating based on chert extraction and OSL (optically stimulated luminescence), a method for measuring dose from ionizing radiation. Burial dates to 49,00-80,400 yrs. ago mean average 55,000. 5 February 2016 The Old Kingdom Dyn. III (2686-2613 BCE) Dyn. IV (2613-2494 BCE) Dyn. V (2494-2345 BCE) Dyn. VI (2345-2181 BCE) First Intermediate Period Dyn. VII/VIII (2181-2160 BCE) Dyn. IX-X (2125-2055 BCE) MK (2055-1650 BCE) Key ideas: very strong centralized authority (ex Pyramids) advent complex administration and bureaucracy sun temples, emphasis on sun god re pyramid texts 4 Dynasty III: royal King List of dynasty: Djoser (Netjerikhet) Sekhemkhet Khaba Huni Dynasty IV: Shefu:built first “true” temple Khufu:Giza Djedefre Khafra:Giza Menkaure:Giza Shepseskaf Dynasty V: Dynasty VI: Userkaf - Teti Sahure - Userkare Neferirkare - Pepi I Neferefre (2-3 yrs.) - Merenre Shepseshare - Pepi II Nissene - Nitiqret Menkahor Unas Una, Pyramid Texts - earliest known pyramid texts found in the tomb Unas, Dyn. V Royal Titulary: - Horus name - Nebty “two ladies” - Golden Horus name - Throne name (prenomen) 5 - Personal name (nomen) Divine Kingship: - king is Netjernefer - king is son of a god - king is image of god - king is favored by god Possible Reasons for Collapse: - poor economy - climate change - force - offices First Intermediate Period (2140-2022 BCE) (Dyn. 7-11) Key ideas: - decline central authority - risen power - literature Dynasty IX: Dynasty X: Dynasty XI: - Khety I - Khety II - Mentohotep - Neferkare VII - Merikare - Intef I/II/III - Khety II - Nebhepetre - Setut - Montuhotep II Middle Kingdom (2022-1650 BCE) (Dyn. 11-13) 6 Kingship; recentralized of authority by Nebhepetre Montuhotep II; co-regencies become more common; kings more closely assoc. w/gods; kings named Montuhotep, Amenemhat, Senwosret Religion: risen importance cult of Amun in Thebes and Osirsis at Abydos;monumental temple building Encounters: fortresses in Nubia, wars with Levant, near East, Nubia Society: bureaucracy Chronology: Dynasty XI: Dynasty XII: Dynastty XIII: - Nebhepetre Montuhotep II - Amenemhat vary - Seankhkare Montuhotep III - Senwosret - Nebtawyre Montohotep IV 7
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