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SPN2240 -- Intermediate Spanish II -- Lección 8

by: Gabrielle Isgar

SPN2240 -- Intermediate Spanish II -- Lección 8 SPN2240

Marketplace > Florida State University > Spanish > SPN2240 > SPN2240 Intermediate Spanish II Lecci n 8
Gabrielle Isgar
GPA 3.0

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About this Document

Includes: Translations of "Nota Cultural" Summaries of grammar concepts Full vocab list alphabetized and color-coded by section All other mentioned concepts
Intermediate Spanish II
Jhoanna Mendez
Class Notes
spanish, SPN2240
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gabrielle Isgar on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPN2240 at Florida State University taught by Jhoanna Mendez in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see Intermediate Spanish II in Spanish at Florida State University.


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Date Created: 02/05/16
Spanish Word/Phrase Translation ahorrar to save money alejarse de to move away from concordar (ue) to reconcile, to agree desnudo/a nude el condón condom el reino kingdom encarcelado/a imprisoned gobernar (ie) to govern guardar to save; to save a document/thing la fe faith la pastilla pill la postura stake, posture, attitude la salvación salvation la tierra land, earth mezclar to mix permitir to allow radical radical rígido/a rigid, strict salvar to save; to rescue somero/a superficial apostar (ue) to bet cobrar to collect; to charge defender (ie) to defend desagradable disagreeable, unpleasant descuidar to neglect desgraciadamente unfortunately echarse a perder to go bad, to spoil el hábito habit (of a nun) el negocio business el/la agonizante dying person el/la difunto/a dead person, deceased el/la huérfano/a orphan enriquecerse (zc) to get rich entrometerse en to meddle in, to intrude in evangélico/a protestant (adj.) fanático/a fanatical hacer (irreg.) daño to cause pain la cuota fee, quota poner (irreg.) su granito de arento do one's part pudrir to rot rodear to surround soltero/a single supuestamente supposedly la carencia lack el/la causante cause el/la consejero/a advisor el crecimiento growth el/la indígena indigenous person el soporte support detener (like tener) to stop encasillar to classify encuadrar to frame, to fit estorbar to hinder; to obstruct; to get in the way guardarle rencor a alguien to hold a grudge (against someone) juzgar (gu) to judge odiar to hate atrapado/a caught, trapped lejano/a distant, remote molesto/a annoyed vengativo/a vindictive Lección 8 Así lo veo I: Palabras Engañosas Salvar/guardar/ahorrar -- all mean "to save" Salvar -- to rescue a person Guardar -- to keep safe, referring to guarding a thing, document, etc. Ahorrar -- to save money Religión y política en El Salvador: El Arzobispo Óscar Romero (1917–1980)  There was a civil war in El Salvador from 1980 to 1992 o Caused by:  A decade of lost liberty  A huge gap between the rich and the poor  Violence between the government military and the left-wing opposition  Before the war, more than 50 religious people were attacked, threatened, tortured and assassinated by the government's military o Priests and nuns condemned them as violations of human rights and demonstrated their solidarity with the victims  Óscar Romero -- the archbishop of San Salvador o Took responsibility for the defense of the unprotected people o He preached against the violence and in defense of the poor people in the country o Preached that the Church will find the salvation if they identify with the poor people, the oppressed, and the humiliated o In 1980 he asked publicly to the US government to abandon the finances of the militaries in El Salvador o A month later, while celebrating mass in a chapel at a hospital, he was assassinated by a member of a group called <<escuadrón de la muerte>> (a paramilitary radical group) o During the funeral in the cathedral of San Salvador, where almost 50 million people showed up, more than 30 people were killed in a terrorist attack  By snipers of the state  30 years later, he is now a symbol of Christian liberalism and many refer to him as <<San Romero de America>> Los mandatos Formal Affirmative: Yo form in the subjunctive Present tense yo form provides the stem and the opposite vowel ending is used Informal Affirmative: Third-person singular form in the present tense Common irregulars: Ser -- sé Ir -- ve Venir -- ven Hacer -- haz Decir -- di Poner -- pon Formal Negative: No + yo form in the subjunctive Informal Negative: No + same as formal affirmative but with the -s ending for tú  Object and reflexive pronouns are added to the end of affirmative commands but in front of negative commands Así lo veo II: Religión y política en España durante y después del franquismo  Catholicism has had an intimate relationship with politics in Spain during centuries  1931-1939 they established a constitution which separated church from state o With the victory of the nationalists in the Spanish Civil War (1936- 1939) Catholicism became the official religion of Spain during the dictatorship of Francisco Franco (1939-1975)  Very strict orthodox catholic during this time  Granted many privileges to the church:  Tax exemptions  Salaries for Priests  Reconstruction of the destroyed churches during the war  Also establish laws which conform to Catholic culture  Prohibition of divorce  Imposition of religious education in schools (Catholic)  Banning of contraceptives o For his part, the church gave Franco the right to appoint the bishops and priests in Spain o After his death in 1975, Spain witnessed Secularization of society and politics  Though 80% of Spaniards were considered Catholic only 20% attended mass  The political and social process of secularization in Spain is a matter complicated by continuous disagreements between the religious hierarchy and the organs of the administration of the State o Legalization of same-sex marriage and educational programs in schools are still points of conflict between the Church and the State Verbos que requieren preposiciones Aprender a -- to learn Ayudar a -- to help Consistir en -- to consist of Contar con -- to count on, rely on Dejar de -- to stop (doing something) Pensar en -- to think about Pensar de -- to think about (have an opinion) Soñar con -- to dream about Tratar de -- to try (to do something) El pasado de subjunctivo: Introducción  Used in order to state things that if they happened in the past, you would've done something o Pasado de subjuntivo ---> condicional  Formed by using the third-person plural (ellos/ellas) preterite step and adding -ara for -ar verbs and -iera for -er and -ir verbs o Plus the typical endings to mark person and number (who) o Example: vinieron --> vin- + iera = viniera (for tú + -s = vinieras) o Example: tomaron --> tom- + -ara = tomara (for nosotros + -mos = tomáramos)  Note the accent in the nosotros form  All the uses of the subjunctive in the present tense also occur in the past o Will be focusing on the use of past subjunctive with para que as well as impersonal expressions (era impossible que…) Así lo veo III: Amigo Falso Molesto  Doesn't mean molested  Means annoyed o Synonyms: disgustado, descontendo, u ofendido El pasado de subjuntivo: Continuación  Used in contexts similar to those of the present subjunctive but only used in past contexts  Normally used if the main clause of sentence that triggers the use of subjunctive is in the past  Uses the same expressions of will and desire (querer que, desear que, necesitar que, esperar que) but in past tenses o Example: esperaba que, quería que El Maravilloso Verbo Echar  Echar o To throw/toss o To produce, yield; to spew o To pour/give  Echar used with a reflexive pronoun or with certain prepositions o Echar de -- to through someone out of somewhere o Echarse -- to throw oneself on/onto something  Echar used in common expressions o Echar a perder -- to spoil o Echarse a perder -- to go bad, to go down the drain, to be ruined o Echar de menos -- to miss o Echarle la bronca -- to tell someone off, to yell at someone o Echar una siesta -- to take a nap o Echar las tripas --to throw up


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