Music in World Cultures Week 3
Music in World Cultures Week 3 302
Popular in Music in World Culture
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Music
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by catherrinedoll on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 302 at Humboldt State University taught by Novotney,ED in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Music in World Culture in Music at Humboldt State University.
Reviews for Music in World Cultures Week 3
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/05/16
Music in World Cultures February 9, 2016 Hornbostel & Sachs Sachs toys with the term electrophone later in life but it doesn’t match the other definitions because the sound is created through electricity, not vibrations someone else noted that technically all amplified sound could fit in the system under membranophone So keep in mind with electronic instruments, it really depends on where the sound is coming out AEROPHONE: an instrument which produces sound by the vibration of air Ways aerophones can be played: free aerophone: like swinging a tube above your head mouth hole: like flutes lip vibrated: like brass instruments reed vibrated: like harmonicas or oboes CHORDOPHONE: an instrument which produces sound by the vibration of strings or chords Ways chordophones can be played: plucking: like pulling strummed: like pushing bowed: like a violin struck: like a piano Primary Subcategories: 1. Lute 2. Zither 3. Harp 4. Lyre (pronounced liar) 1.Lute qualifier: must have a body and neck strings are stretched from the body to the neck 2. Zither qualifier: body strings stretch from one end of the body to the other 3. Harp qualifier: body and triangular frame usually three parts, strings are stretched from the body to the frame 4. Lyre qualifier: body, yoke, cross bar strings stretched between the body and the crossbar supported by the yoke *every stringed instrument come from the same anccestor which is the bow (imagine like an old school bow and arrow, that type of bow) *using the bow as an instrument stands as the first example of the concept of stored energy of its’ time IDIOPHONE: an instrument which produces sound by the vibration of a body (or itself) this is the largest group out of the four Ways idiophones can be played: struck shaken clapped bowed scraped plucked rubbed MEMBRANOPHONE: an instrument which produces sound by the vibration of a skin or membrane can be either DOUBLE HEADED or SINGLE HEADED from there, they can be OPEN BOTTOMED or CLOSED BOTTOM can be either FIXED TENSIONING or MECHANICAL TENSIONING fixed tension instruments cannot be tuned this does not mean that you cannot alter the pitch February 11, 2016 Musical Texture Remember to go further than the basic definition and really focus on what is making the sound Tambourines membranophone or idiophone? depends on how you play it! TEXTURE Latin: textura meaning “weaving” from text meaning “woven” MUSICAL TEXTURE: the general pattern of sound created by the arrangement of the elemnts of a musical work ELEMENTS: the number of parts and the way those parts related to one another number of parts in music = how many distinct things are going on the way parts relate to one another = in cases where there is more than one thing going on, is one of those things dominant? DENSITY: how thick or thin how many voices or instruments are generating each part? Musical Texture Is it single part or is it multipart? SINGLE PART MUSIC 1. MONOPHONIC: single part music melody alone with no accompaniment *associated with spiritual and religious music 2. HETEROPHONIC: single part music performed by twoormore with slight variation two or more versions of the melody being performed simultaneously, but not in absolute unison MULTIPART MUSIC 3. HOMOPHONIC: multipart music with ONE dominant part melody with accompaniment 4. POLYPHONIC: multipart music with no dominant parts all parts are equal
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'