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First Week of Feb Notes

by: Krista Lindenberg

First Week of Feb Notes Soc 3163

Marketplace > Arkansas Tech University > Sociology > Soc 3163 > First Week of Feb Notes
Krista Lindenberg
Arkansas Tech University
GPA 3.8
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About this Document

These notes cover types of sociological questions, functions of theory, and important functions of literature review.
Intro to Sociological Research
Dr. Mikels-Schlutterman
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Krista Lindenberg on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 3163 at Arkansas Tech University taught by Dr. Mikels-Schlutterman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociological Research in Sociology at Arkansas Tech University.


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Date Created: 02/05/16
 Types of Sociological Questions o Factual (what is childhood obesity?) o Historical (when did childhood obesity become a problem?) o Comparative (compare childhood obesity in races and socioeconomic groups) o Theoretical (Why???)  Theory “…systematic set of interrelated statements intended to explain some aspect of social life.” o Example: “Economic distress among the white population causes an increase in mob violence against African Americans.” o Proposing how two things are interrelated o Theory is a general proposition o Hypothesis is a specified, testable expectation o Theory = 2 statements linked with a “because”  Childhood obesity is more of a problem in low-income families because they are less likely to be able to afford healthy food. o Hypothesis – a specified testable expectation about empirical reality that follows from a more general proposition.  Three functions of theory o 1. Theories prevent our being taken in by flukes.  Don’t depend on chance o 2. Theories make sense of observed patterns in ways that can suggest other possibilities  If we have a theory about how two things are related, we can find solutions.  Ex. Broken homes produce more juvenile delinquency than intact homes because of a lack of adult supervision. o 3. Theories can direct research efforts, pointing toward likely discoveries through empirical observations.  Research influences policy making.  As a social researcher… o Work within one of these perspectives…  Seek to extend it, challenge it, or specify it. o Test alternative implications of the different perspectives against each other.  Ex. Parenting  1. Compartmentalization  2. Spillover hypothesis  3. Compensatory Theory  Seek to contribute something new Six important functions of literature review: 1. Narrow or broaden a topic 2. Inform about the state of knowledge on a topic 3. To see patterns and gaps in literature 4. Stimulate creativity and curiosity 5. Provide examples 6. Enables you to better grasp elements that go into conducting research


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