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Criminology_crime pattern_week2

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Criminology_crime pattern_week2 16SS_CJ7020001

Marketplace > University of Cincinnati > Criminal Justice > 16SS_CJ7020001 > Criminology_crime pattern_week2
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Describe the crime pattern includes age, gender, and race. Discuss the differences and trend among those variables.
Seminar in Criminology
Ben Feldmeyer
Class Notes
crime, pattern




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by MEI-TING HSIA on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 16SS_CJ7020001 at University of Cincinnati taught by Ben Feldmeyer in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Seminar in Criminology in Criminal Justice at University of Cincinnati.


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Date Created: 02/05/16
CRIME PATTERN (02/03) Goal - What crimes are you most likely to be arrested for? - What types of offenses are common? - What types of crime dominates the attention of the criminal justice system? Mostly small stuff (changes in rankings) 1. Unequal Crime Decline 1920-1940 Crime increase- Depression; 
 1940-1960 Crime drop- WWII; 
 1960-1990 Crime explode increase- Baby boom; war on crime; crack; not good economy (white collar crime increase); Reporting Policy (More police 23% increasing 
 1973-1992; UCR 1960; Professionalization policy; Victimization Service) 1990- Crime Drop, REASONS? (especially Homicides drop) - Rise in Imprisonment Rates- “get tough” on drugs, parole - Increase in police presence: hire more - Diminishing Drug Markets- cocaine - The improving economy of the 1990s (long-term pattern) - Baby boom aged; Abortion (Levitt); Immigration - Guns and Gun Control Policies-not necessary,some gun programs don’t decrease gun violence. 2. Gender and Crime - Men> Women - Especially violence Female Crime - Minor Offenses - Profile: (Fraud, Theft, shop thefts, stealing work)- Pink Color; drugs; prostitution - Motivation: (Financial needs, Victimization, abuse, spouse/child) - Rare to strangers - Low commitment: (Peak early, desist, Few career) - Few organized, white collar, and professional crimes Big Questions We Try To Answer!! 1. Gender Gap (M/F): What male and female trends? How big is the gender gap? 2. Profile of Offending (M/F different) 3. Explanations: 
 - Traditional: 
 A. Deterrence
 B. Labeling
 C. Control- Social Bond
 D. Learning
 E. Strain
 - Gender We see the Change in Female Arrests: (Gap is narrowed)- Assault increasing - Stress: Role strain (Work, Children; higher divorce; financial strain) - Liberation/ Modernation - Policy/ Enforcement (Reporting, more minor assault, Charge up, handled formally) - DV (Domestic Violence) - Equal Treatment - Base rate Issue (Women from before didn’t have so many crime) 3. Age and Crime Hirschi’s article Time, Place, Cultures, Offenses However, taking off such crime (drug, alcohol, theft, property, minor crimes), then the curve would like adults. - Next to gender, age is the best predictor of crime - More than 50% of crime committed by people between 15-29 - Crime onset in mid teens - Desistance typically in mid 20’: social bond (control theory: job, marriage); Social learning; Biological (Testosterone) 4. Race and Crime UCR data: Black: White: 7:1 12:1 5:1 self-report: 1:1 1.2:1 Serious Crime has big gap UCR Arrests- white more all, but serious crime black more (limited to certain offenses: serious violence, street crimes). * Intra-racial: blacks and blacks…etc. * Victims are similar to Offenders characteristics (Male, Blacks, Young, Single and Divorced, Urban, Poor).


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