POLS 1020 Week 4 Tue notes
POLS 1020 Week 4 Tue notes Political science 1020
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eunji Kim on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Political science 1020 at Clemson University taught by Aron G. Tannenbaum in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 02/05/16
POLS 1020 week 4 Four-minute world Briefing Nature vs. Nurture? Prehistoric masseuse hints at War among hunter-gathers Topic: realism vs. liberalism. Analyzing UW policy toward Afghanistan Q: Why is U.S. involved in Afghanistan? 1. To liberate women? 2. To overcome poverty? 3. To defeat the Taliban? 4. To reduce the power of the warlords? 5. To establish a strong central government? 6. To eradicate drugs? 7. To clean up corruption? 8. To promote democracy? 9. To prevent another al Qaeda attack against the U.S.? 10. To modernize a backward country? Grouping the reasons [three MAIN reasons] 1. Improve Afghanistan society 1,2,6,7,10 2. Improve the political process 5,8,4 3. Promote American national security 3,9 Q: Which reason for U.S. involvement in Afghanistan is the best? Two Rival IR perspectives Realism: 3 Liberalism: 1,2 Realism, human nature and Rodney King’s Question A conservative perspective on international politics, assuming A pessimistic view of human nature Collective/group egotism Inevitability of social conflict And therefore concluding that there’s an Inevitability of conflict among states Centrality of power in relations among states Ever present threat of warfare among states A: No, we can’t just get along. The “security dilemma”, Shimko p. 34 “The problem … less secure.” European history – Germany surrounded (1914) WWI Geographic: France -> Germany <- Russia If France has 1 million people, Germany will have 1 million, and so will Russia. Security dilemma is like a dog chasing its tail. Good intentions 1. Security dilemma assumes that states are well – intentioned toward one another 2. Tragedy of the S.D.: high potential for conflict even if states are well- intentioned “ The road to hell is paved with good intentions.” Bad intentions 1. What is states aren’t well-intentioned? 2. What is one state wants to expand at the expense of a neighboring state? Revisionist states A state that is dissatisfied with its current power and status in the world. Ex. Russia, China, Iran A contemporary security dilemma Russia and NATO Expansion - 1990 Soviet Union -> 2009 Russia split with Ukraine (lost a lot of states) - 1990 NATO expanded, in 2009 Soviet Union, Ukraine wants to join Europe in NATO but Russia said not a good idea. Russian Aggression Against Ukraine Russian Army threatens Ukraine, not being agressive but self-defense Russia feels threatened and encircled from NATO [security dilemma] Realists say No, we CANNOT get along
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