Everyman Notes EH 203
Jacksonville State University
Popular in Survey of English Literature I
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kimberly Burke on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EH 203 at Jacksonville State University taught by Dr. Gates in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Survey of English Literature I in Foreign Language at Jacksonville State University.
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Date Created: 02/05/16
British Lit – Everyman • Characters: o Everyman o Death – sent by God to tell Everyman to begin pilgrimage to his last day o Fellowship – friend of Everyman, refuses to go on journey with him o Messenger – addresses audience at beginning of play o God o Cousin – gives humorous excuse o Kindred – gives excuse of needing to ask his wife o Goods – accumulation of wealth & property o Good Deeds – important character, gains strength throughout play o Knowledge – adds strength to Good Deeds o Confession – person hearing the confession of Everyman o Beauty – offers help to Everyman o Strength – offers help to Everyman o Discretion – offers help to Everyman o Five Wits – offers help to Everyman o Doctor – educated not medical, gives the play’s moral • Everyman is joined on his pilgrimage by friends until they learn that it’s his pilgrimage to death o Not accepted into Heaven b/c of Good Deeds alone but accepted b/c of his honest confession • Morality Play o Mankind – Castle of Perseverance, Wisdom, etc o Dramatic representation of spiritual crisis of a man as he struggles to achieve redemption § Can still be accepted into kingdom if you ask forgiveness for sins o Personified values & virtues – allegorical names o Moral lesson taught in entertaining way • Structure o Prefatory addressed to audience by Messenger o Audience addressed at the end by Doctor (educated man) § Pg.529 lines915-920 – Doctor th o Presentational style – address audience, break 4 wall o A lot of speeches where Everyman is alone on stage o Humor o Repetition of mind change from every possible travel companion • Mankind – succumbs to temptation of devil, Nowadays, New Guys, & Naught o Enticed by everything new & worldly o Tempted to neglect Mercy (only virtuous character) o Mercy = priest; Vices = lower class • Play begins with God speaking to Death • Lesson – be prepared for the end of your life no matter what o Humor of lesson – line 135 Everyman begs for more time/12 years § Death tells him that he is not allowed extra time but is allowed to bring people on his journey o Contrition is the key to turn around o Good Deeds have to be strong enough to go with you • Speech from God – His plan, teach people lesson b/c they forsake Him, assigns Death to fetch Everyman & tell him it’s his time to die • Pg.512 – needs people to take on the journey, invites every person he meets o All are willing to go until they find out where he’s going o 1 at a time cycle • pg.515-516 – Kindred & Cousin o Everyman says he has to show Good Deeds o Cousin – gives humorous excuses o Kindred – excuse: let me ask my wife • Goods – accumulation of wealth & property o Humor: he has accumulated wealth • Pg.519 – Good Deeds is moaning on the ground, not well o Pg.521 - Knowledge adds strength to Good Deeds & leads Everyman to Confession • Beauty, Strength, Discretion, Five Wits o Reinforcements, support, see grave & leave o Pg.527 – peel away when they realize they are travelling to grave • Knowledge & Good Deeds – stay with Everyman o Good Deeds – goes into the grave with Everyman • Voice of Angel – blesses afterlife of Everyman
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