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Research Methods in Psychology - week 2 notes

by: Jessica Twehous

Research Methods in Psychology - week 2 notes PSYCH 3010-02

Marketplace > University of Missouri - Columbia > Psychlogy > PSYCH 3010-02 > Research Methods in Psychology week 2 notes
Jessica Twehous
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

These notes are exactly from the week 2 lecture!
Research Methods in Psychology I
Lisa Bauer
Class Notes
research, methods, Psychology
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Twehous on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 3010-02 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Lisa Bauer in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Research Methods in Psychology I in Psychlogy at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 02/05/16
Scientists Tackle Applied and Basic Problems  ● Basic Research ­ conducted to increase the body of knowledge in a discipline  ● Applied Research ­ conducted with a practical problem in mind  ● Translational Research ­ translate findings of basic science into real­world applications  Scientists Dig Deeper  ● Rarely conduct one study and then stop  ○ Replicate and expand  ○ Example: Pavlov, Watson & Reyner, Mary Cover Jones, Joseph Wolpe, & others  ■ Phobias  ■ PTSD  Scientists Make It Public: The Publication Process  ● Peer­Reviewed Scientific Journal Articles  ○ Goal: to publish high­quality research findings  ○ Peer­reviewed  ■ Editor sends to reviewers (usually about 3 or 4 experts)  ■ They provide suggestions, comments, requests (e.g., collect  additional data, run additional statistical analyses)  ■ Anonymous or signed  ■ Decision: reject, major revisions, minor revisions  ■ Editor sends author(s) reviewers' comments and a decision about  publication (reject, revise)  ■ If revise and resubmit, editor may decide to accept or may decide  to send back out for review  Scientists Talk to the World: From Journal to Journalism  ● Journalists may summarize the results of a new research study (write in layperson's  terms, provide an interesting title)  ● Important that information is accurately portrayed    From Journal to Journalism  ● Risks  ○ May present interesting studies rather than important studies  ○ May not have scientific training  ○ May present non­peer­reviewed research  ○ May not report the results accurately (e.g., Mozart effect example in text)  ● Rauscher, Shaw, & Ky (1993)  ○ For 10 minutes, college students listened to: Mozart, silence or a monotone voice  ○ Results:  ■ Participants listening to Mozart performed better on a subsequent spatial  task  ■ Small gain ­ did not last long  ■ No difference for general intelligence  ● Other researchers were unable to replicate  ● Others found that the effect was small and applied to most types of music  Take home message:  ● Think critically about what you read     USE ONLINE QUIZZES TO STUDY FOR TESTS          Chapter 2  Sources of Information: Why research is best and how to find it    Chapter Outline  ● Sources of Information  ○ Empiricial  ○ Non­empirical  ● Finding and Reading Research  Empirical Research  ● Define a problem  ● Form a testable hypothesis  ● Identify and operationally define variables  ● Design the study  ○ Ensure that the hypothesis formed is the one being tested   ○ Control extraneous variables (randomizing, matching, counterbalancing)  ● Consider ethical issues/obtain IRB approval  ● Collect data  ● Conduct appropriate statistical analyses  ● Draw conclusion  ● Communicate findings           


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