Sociology of Gender - week 1 notes
Sociology of Gender - week 1 notes SOCIOL 3320-01
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Twehous on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCIOL 3320-01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Robyn Swink in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Sociology of Gender in Sociology at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 02/05/16
Why Gender? ● Terms ○ Sex physical, biological ○ Gender social constructions that have emerged; there are marked categories ○ Gender binary you can only be one or the other, masculine or feminine ○ Nature/nurture debates ■ Biological determinism idea that your biology determines how you behave and act in the world ■ Differential socialization difference in social behavior** How does Gender vary? ● Patriarchy universal norm ● Parents and other influential adults don't reinforce similar behaviors in children, but rather they comment on their different actions ● The meanings of gender vary frone society to another ● The meanings of femininity and masculinity vary ny one culture over time ● The meaning of femininity and masculinity will chany individual person grows ● The meanings of gender will vmong groups of women and men within any particular culture at any particular time ● Terms ○ Hegemonic Masculinity the ideal masculinity that supports patriarchy (traits vary depend upon time and culture) ○ Emphasized Femininity whatever kind of femininity supports a patriarchy at any given time How do scholars approach gender? ● The sociological approach ● ...but first: the biological approach Biological Approaches to Gender ● Biological arguments draw evidence from: ○ Evolutionary theory, from sociobiologgy to "evolutionary psychology" ■ Focus on reproductive anatomies ○ Brain research looking at brain differences to explain ○ Endocrinological research on sex hormones (i.e. testosterone) What is caveman masculinity? ● How does Bourdieu's theory abitusexplains the ways that ideas about caveman masculinity impact men and women's lives? ○ Masculinity is threatened by increasing women's social and political power, so to reassert themselves they act "cavemanly" (giant muscles, promiscuity, aggressiveness) ● Popular iterations of evolutionary science can become embedded in bodily experience
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