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Sociology of Gender - week 1 notes

by: Jessica Twehous

Sociology of Gender - week 1 notes SOCIOL 3320-01

Marketplace > University of Missouri - Columbia > Sociology > SOCIOL 3320-01 > Sociology of Gender week 1 notes
Jessica Twehous
GPA 3.8
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About this Document

These notes are exactly from the week 1 lecture!
Sociology of Gender
Robyn Swink
Class Notes
sociology, Gender




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Twehous on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCIOL 3320-01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Robyn Swink in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Sociology of Gender in Sociology at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 02/05/16
Why Gender?  ● Terms  ○ Sex ­ physical, biological  ○ Gender ­ social constructions that have emerged; there are marked categories  ○ Gender binary ­ you can only be one or the other, masculine or feminine  ○ Nature/nurture debates  ■ Biological determinism ­ idea that your biology determines how you  behave and act in the world  ■ Differential socialization ­ difference in social behavior**    How does Gender vary?  ● Patriarchy ­ universal norm  ● Parents and other influential adults don't reinforce similar behaviors in children, but  rather they comment on their different actions  ● The meanings of gender vary fro​ne society to another  ● The meanings of femininity and masculinity vary ​ny one culture over time  ● The meaning of femininity and masculinity will cha​ny individual person grows  ● The meanings of gender will v​mong groups of women and men  within any  particular culture at any particular time    ● Terms  ○ Hegemonic Masculinity ­ the ideal masculinity that supports patriarchy (traits vary  depend upon time and culture)  ○ Emphasized Femininity ­ whatever kind of femininity supports a patriarchy at any  given time     How do scholars approach gender?  ● The sociological approach  ● ...but first: the biological approach    Biological Approaches to Gender  ● Biological arguments draw evidence from:  ○ Evolutionary theory, from sociobiologgy to "evolutionary psychology"  ■ Focus on reproductive anatomies  ○ Brain research ­ looking at brain differences to explain  ○ Endocrinological research on sex hormones (i.e. testosterone)    What is caveman masculinity?  ● How does Bourdieu's theory ​abitusexplains the ways that ideas about caveman  masculinity impact men and women's lives?  ○ Masculinity is threatened by increasing women's social and political power, so to  reassert themselves they act "cavemanly" (giant muscles, promiscuity,  aggressiveness)  ● Popular iterations of evolutionary science can become embedded in bodily experience     


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