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Spanish 1010 week 2 notes

by: Kennedy Finister

Spanish 1010 week 2 notes FLSP 1013 - 001

Marketplace > Auburn University > Spanish > FLSP 1013 - 001 > Spanish 1010 week 2 notes
Kennedy Finister
GPA 2.95

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About this Document

auburn university elementary spanish professor: Señor Irwin material covered: palabras claves gender singular & plural formation subject pronouns demonstrative adjectives/pronouns posse...
Elementary Spanish I
John S Irwin
Class Notes
spanish 1010, Auburn University, Elementary Spanish, Espanol, spanish
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kennedy Finister on Friday February 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FLSP 1013 - 001 at Auburn University taught by John S Irwin in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see Elementary Spanish I in Spanish at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 02/05/16
[SPANISH  GRAMMAR]   1     Palabras  Claves   (key  words  to  help  determine  distance  of  objects  &  determine  what   demonstrative  adjective/pronoun  to  work  with)   • Aquí  =  here   o Este,  esta,  estos,  estas   • Allí  =  there   o Ese,  esa,  esos,  esas   • Allá  =  all  the  way  over  there   o Aquel,  aquella,  aquellos,  aquellas   • Practicar   1. __________hombre  allí  es  mi  hermano   2. __________coche  allá  es  mi  mijo   3. __________foto  aquI  es  de  mi  familia   4. ___________mujer  allí  es  mi  esposa   5. ___________hombre  aquí  es  mi  amigo     6. ___________casa  allí  es  mí   7. trbajo  en  _________  tienda  allá   8. ___________chico  allí  es  mi  hermano       Gender   • Spanish  nouns  are  masculine  or  feminine     • Examples   o Male:  el  libro,  el  niño,  el  toro,  el  mapa   o Female:  la  silla,  la  niña,  la  mano,  la  vaca   • Many  nouns  that  end  in  –o  are  masculine.   • Many  nouns  that  end  in  –a  are  feminine   **there  are  always  exceptions**   o MOST  nouns  ending  in  –ma  are  masculine   o Example:  el  problema   • To  remember  the  gender  of  a  noun  you  should  learn  it  with  its  article   • All  words  that  modify  a  noun  must  have  the  same  gender   • Example:   o El  libro  pequeño  está  en  la  silla  roja   (Masculine)        (feminine)       Singular  &  Plural  Formation   • Singular   o One  person  place  or  thing   § Examples:  silla,  libro,  profesor   • Plural   o More  than  one  person  place  or  thing   § Examples:  sillas,  libros,  profesores   • Singular  à  Plural  rules:   o Add  “s”  if  noun  ends  in  a  vowel   § Silla  à  sillas   o Add  “es”  if  noun  end  in  a  consonant   § Reloj  à  relojes     o Some  nouns  have  spelling  changes     § Z  à  ces   • Lápiz  à  Lápices   • -­‐voz  à  -­‐voces   o Some  nouns  lose  their  accent  marks   § Estación  à  estaciones   § -­‐acción  à  -­‐acciones   o When  a  noun  becomes  plural,  any  modifying  words  have  to   become  plural  too   § Una  silla  roja  à  unas  sillas  rojas       Subject  Pronouns   • Replace  a  noun  used  as  the  subject  of  a  verb   • 13  commonly  uses  ones  in  Spanish   o yo   o tú   o vos  (mainly  used  thru  central/south  America)   o usted   o él   o ella   o nosotros   o nosotras   o vosotros  (mainly  used  in  spain)   o vosotras  (mainly  used  in  spain)   o ustedes   o ellos   o ellas   • example   o kate  toca  la  fuenta  à  ella  toca  la  fuenta   **usted  is  a  formal  form  of  you  &  ustedes  is  its  plural  form.  Often   abbreviated  ud.  &  uds**       [SPANISH  GRAMMAR]   3     Demonstrative  Adjectives   Ø describes  a  noun’s  position     • English:   o Noun  is  near  speaker?  This/  these   o Noun  is  away  from  speaker?  That  those   • Spanish     o Noun  is  near  speaker?  Este/esta/estos/estas   o Noun  is  near  listener?  Ese,  esa,  esos,  esas   o Away  from  both?  Aquel,  aquella,  aquellos,  aquellas   • Examples:   o Este  libro  es  verde   (near  speaker)   o Esa  silla  es  roja   (near  listener)   o Aquellas  casas  son  bonitas   (away  from  both  speaker  &  listener)     when  demonstrarive  adjective  is  chosen,  its  form  needs  to  agree  with  the   noun  it  modifies  in  number  and  gender  as  adjectives  do     separation  with  a  verb?  Accent  over  the  e   right  next  to  the  noun?  No  accent     examples:       esté  es  mi  hijo       esta  silla    es  mi  favorita           Demonstrative  Pronouns   • Have  the  same  form  as  demonstrative  pronouns   • Agrees  with  the  noun  it  replaces  in  the  number  &  gender  like   pronouns  do   • Examples:   o Este  libro  es  verde  à  este  es  verde                        (masculine  singular)   o Esas  sillas  son  rojas  à  esas  son  rojas   (feminine  plural)     Reflexives    -­‐typically  reflexive  verbs  end  in  “se”   Yo  à    me   Tú  à    te   El/ella/usted  à    se   Nosotros  à      nos   Vosotros  à      os   Ustedes/ellos/ellas  à      se       Possessive  Adjectives     Yo  à    mi,  mis   Tú  à    tu,  tus   El/ella/ud  à    su,  sus   Nosotros  à  nuestro/a,  nuestros/as   Ellos/ellas/  uds  à    su,  sus     • Quién  es?     -­‐mi  hermano  mayor     -­‐ésta  es  mi  prima  rosa   • Mi  Madre/mi  padre  à  mis  padres   • Tu  hermano/tu  Hermana  à  tus  hermanos                 Answers  to  Palabra  claves  practicar   1. Ese   2. Aquel   3. Esta   4. Esa   5. Este   6. Esa   7. Aquella   8. ese    


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