Com101 Vigil 1/28/16
Com101 Vigil 1/28/16 101- Communications
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by tanillemonica on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 101- Communications at Boston University taught by Tammy vigil in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 161 views. For similar materials see The World of Communication in Journalism and Mass Communications at Boston University.
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Date Created: 02/06/16
Humans are communicators… (Continued) Rotten w/ perfection: we always strive to achieve perfection even though we may never achieve it. Ex: The evolution of cellular devices People who cannot communicate (As defined by Burke) are not human They are not functioning as humans – by not being able to communicate Unresolved Questions How do we properly define shared- what does it mean? Is it possible to communicate with yourself? Is body communicating to yourself possible or is it a metaphor we use to understand ourselves? If you have something can you share it with yourself? Does it need to be intentional or can you accidently communicate? Must it be successful and how do we proper define success? Traditional Context- based Categories of Communication 1. Intrapersonal communication: self 2. Interpersonal communication: 2 people 3. Small group communication: 3-15 people 4. Public communication: few, or one to many often in person 5. Mass communication: few- many- very many always mediated Can use multiple categories of communication at the same time, but can only engage in one at a time Ex: Live! With Kelly and Michael, The View, The Oprah Show: Interviews (Interpersonal or Small Group) Live audience (public communications) Cameras (mass communications) Symbols All symbols carry power Anything that represent something else Do not need to be deep, big, or highly emotional to be considered symbols Verbal symbols Nonverbal symbols Words by nature are symbols They represent an understanding for something else. ex: dog, requirements, and justice Characteristics Flexible Useful Arbitrary Powerful Are arbitrary b/c they are flexible- often leads to confusion w/out symbols there would be no way to share meaning & understanding Signs & Signals do not require immediate or coordinating stimulus Reponses very widely Signs & Signals are interpreted symbolically by humans, but not by animals Language A collection of symbols governed by rules and used to convey messages between individuals Are culturally shared Are contextual: as is all communication A choice Driven activity: we always choose the words we use Often an indicator: Education Geographical background Experience Regionalism Language shapes & reflects attitude Creates & alters reality Is necessary Terministic Screens Terministic: a word created by Burke, after all, humans are creators The reflection of information that is filtered and willingly consumed Language is a symbolic action Since Language= shape & reflect attitude, then words= shape & reflect attitude The words we use can reflect and/or change our attitude & behavior 1/28/16 Symbols (cont.) Groups of people who have had derogatory language used against them will then use that language as a means to regain control over the term and/or language This can be miscommunicated: now permitting other groups to believe it is okay to use this term. Satire can easily be misinterpreted if both parties are aware of the satire being used. Language= ambiguous, socially invites complex layered misinterpretation b/c Language = filtered, is consumed differently between individuals Language= socially telling, Girl V. Gal v. Woman Language: Helps create & alter reality Virtual time & Space Suzanne Lagger (1845- 1985) Language Virtual Space Language drives our understanding of time b/c of the symbols we use we= unified / standard measure Virtual Time With time we choose to follow as a society, Language W/ time we choose to follow as a society, language is social agreed upon Language: Necessarily flawed Human: creators, users, and misusers Language= arbitrary Reflects but not always accurate Non Verbal Physical reality alters in nonverbal communication Can imply ideas that may be completely false Reflecting & Reflecting Attitudes Through nonverbals attitudes d issues can be layered and associated together delivering a single message, and/or that can create an entirely new attitude &/or feelings Vocalics The non-word things you do w/ your mouth such as, pitch, tone, articulation, etc., Influence how message is interpreted and understood Finding a medium that is comfortable Visual: things you see that deliver a message Kinesics: body movements Proxemics: body space Haptic: touch on or by others Artifacts: Objects Kinesics Emblems: Basic & clear movements that have direct verbal translation Ex: A shoulder shrug= I don’t know Illustrations: Do not have direct translation but help enhance verbal Ex: talking about how this elephant you saw & gesturing w/ hands to show how big the elephant was Regulators: helps keep communication flowing Ex: head nods and smiling while someone is talking Adaptors: signs of physiological & psychological state but interpreted symbolically, Not intentional Ex: Biting your nails when nervous Affect displays: displays of emotion, translates emotion into physical understanding Ex: Jumping up & down when excited No matter how separated these are will sometimes overlap Nonverbal Messaging Language is a cluster of symbols that are agreed upon by a society as a means to communicate, but are subject to: Phonological rules: how words sound when pronounced Syntactic rules: determine structure & decide in what way symbols can be arranged Semantic Rules: allow us to apply direct meaning to objects Pragmatic Rules: how people use language in everyday interactions Language Shapes Attitude Naming- not only self identities- but shapes the way people will think of you Credibility Language reflects Attitudes Power Affiliations: help build & demonstrate solidarity Adopting speech way of another In a group = convergence Divergence
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