FAD3343 Lecture Notes Chapter 4
FAD3343 Lecture Notes Chapter 4 FAD3343
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Irene Mansour on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FAD3343 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Dr. jeter in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see CONTEXTS OF ADULT DEVELOPMENT in Child and Family Studies at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.
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Date Created: 02/06/16
Chapter 4: PHYSICAL HEALTH & WELL-BEING - Aging & Life o Aging begins at birth & death o Death is inevitable, as there is an absolute human life span For humans, thought to be 120 years o Longevity: how long an individual lives, is a complex trait influenced by genes, environment, & chance o Life expectancy: projection of how long we expect people to live Currently ~78 yrs; women live longer - Normal Aging o As early as 30’s or 40’s, most people develop, presbyopia, which is difficulty w/ near vision & reading fine print. o Hair thins, skin thins, skin wrinkles, body becomes less erect, gain fat & lose muscle o Loss of bone mass due to aging, poor diet, lack of exercise o Dental issues o Returning to homeostasis is more difficult, especially after sickness. o Organs operate at reduced efficiency. o Immune system decreases its protection ability. o Although these take place, we’re not sure why. o Chronology is different from functionality - Health Status o In general, health status of people has 65+ has improved greatly in last 50 years o Activity of Daily Living (ADL): bathing, feeding ourselves, dressing o Instrument Activities of Daily Living (IADL): light housework, preparing food, shopping, managing money. To live independently - Chronic & Acute Aging o Acute conditions: short term illness w/ known causes & treatments; often affect young people o Chronic conditions: long term, causes are unknown, profoundly affect life. Can be influenced by lifestyle choices, such as smoking, drinking, poor/overeating, & lack of exercise - The “Power 9 Pyramid” o Developed by Dan Buettner from a Global Study of Centenarians o He asked, “Why have you lived this long?” Exercise, do not eat too much & eat mostly fruits & veggies. Drink red wine, don’t drink excessively. Do something you love. Have a meditation practice. Belong to a spiritual community. Surround yourself w/ supportive family & friends, and make these people a priority. www.lingingto100.com - Major Health Problems o Poor living habits of early life can cause diseases of old age o 75% of deaths are caused by heart disease, cancer, & stroke Coronary artery disease is now the most deadly. Blood flow cut off from heart tissue, it dies, & can cause heart attack. Atherosclerosis: hardening of arteries Hypertension: increased blood pressure o Cancer o Arthritis/osteoarthritis o Obesity & Diabetes - Theories of aging o Damage theory: aging is the result of accumulated error through sources such as free radicals Wear & Tear theory—you age b/c you are rough/careless with your body o Programmed theory: aging has a strong genetic component, driven by genetically regulated processes. Biological clock Immune system theory - The Role of Diet, Exercise, & Mental Health o Diet Calorie restriction related to longevity Poor diet contributes to disease Factors can affect diet & nutrition o Exercise & Physical Fitness Even some exercise is better than none “Use it or lose it!” Strength training & aerobic exercise o Mental Health Various traits & activities associated w/ happiness Stress, medications, coping, physical health
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