FAD3343 Lecture Notes Chapter 5
FAD3343 Lecture Notes Chapter 5 FAD3343
Popular in CONTEXTS OF ADULT DEVELOPMENT
Popular in Child and Family Studies
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Irene Mansour on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FAD3343 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Dr. jeter in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see CONTEXTS OF ADULT DEVELOPMENT in Child and Family Studies at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.
Reviews for FAD3343 Lecture Notes Chapter 5
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 02/06/16
Chapter 5: MENTAL HEALTH - Mental Health & Aging o As individuals age, they can experience a wide range of mental health issues, such as: Stress Depression Cognitive/intellectual decline Dementia Organic brain disorders - Depression o Recognizing that older adults can be depressed o 4 major groups for causes of depression: 1. Physical factors: predisposition to depression, body pain, major health issues 2. Psychological factors: increased fear of death, lingering feelings of guilt/sadness over unaccomplished goals 3. Personality factors: difficulty w/ becoming dependent, loss of self-esteem/self-confidence 4. Medications: medicine to solve one problem, like decrease risk of heart attack or stroke, may have a side effect of depression - Memory o Older adults may complain about memory issues, but not actually show issues in theirmemory performance. o Metamemory, our understanding of how much & how well we remember, can be more related to self-evaluation, ratherthan actual performance. o Older adults may incorporate society’s stereotypes that they are losing theirmemory or have intellectual decline. o Slowing of CNS may slow down info. Processing o Sensory, semantic, & procedural memory may appear nearly efficiently as in older adults. o Working memory & ability to recall specific events or recently learned info is less efficient. o Drastic loss or change in memory in any person is a precursor to something larger (e.g. death); it’s caused by something else (e.g. severe illness) - Cognitive Processes o Cognitive processes include our senses, our arousal, attention, information processing, reaction time, & motor performance. o Memory moves from sensory memory, to short-term memory, to long-term memory Sensation: taking in information through the 5 senses, which can be used for sensory memory. Short-term memory: processing/elaboration of our sensory memory. Long-term memory: actively thinking about & sorting short-term items. In marriage/any relationship, you must actively study your spouse b/c they’re important - Intelligence o Crystallized intelligence: a measure of knowledge acquired through experience & education. No one way to measure intelligence; many different types: athletically or musically intelligent, good with people/speaking Remains the same or even increases with age! o Fluid intelligence: innate ability of info processing; ability to deal with novel ideas/problems. Does appear to decline with age. Example: young vs. old people learning to use technology - Mental Health Disorders o Schizophrenia: more complicated severe, & incapacitating that disorders like depression & anxiety. Hard time communicating Hard time distinguishing reality from not Serious disturbances in thinking & communication; impaired contact w/ reality o Dementia: deterioration in cognitive & behavioral functioning due to physiological causes Recent memory loss Difficulty performing familiartasks Problems w/ language Poor judgement Changes in mood & personality Misplacing things o Alzheimer’s Disease: most common form of chronic organic brain disease (70% of all diseases) Shrinking of brain in size & weight, loss of neurons, twisting of neuron fibers, abnormal mass development Gradual memory loss, declines in cognitive functioning, declines in self-care, inappropriate social behavior. o Parkinson’s Disease More common among men than women Increasing incidences in developed countries Tremors & rigidity of movement Progressive disease that may confine sufferers to a bed or wheelchair May also develop dementia.