SOC 1003, Week 3-4
SOC 1003, Week 3-4 SOC 1003
Arkansas Tech University
Popular in Introductory Sociology
Popular in Sociology
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by KBeard2 on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1003 at Arkansas Tech University taught by J Stobaugh in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Arkansas Tech University.
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Date Created: 02/06/16
SOC 1003: Intro to Sociology Dr. James Stobaugh Week 34 (1/26 2/5) Notes Methods Surveys Observation o Example study: how people claim space Experiments o Example studies Subway – who is helped more: the drunk or the ill Job applications – who is hired more: black, white, or criminal Ethical Issues Major Cases o Tuskegee Experiment 1932 – syphilis effects Black sharecroppers infected with syphilis offered free medical care from specific doctors. 1947 Penicillin developed, sharecroppers not treated 1972 Experiment publicized and shut down o Milgram Experiment 1974 – obedience to authority (“just following orders”) Americans directed by authority figures to administer increasingly dangerous shocks to and eventually killing other participants 60% of participants were willing to administer lethal shocks o Humphreys Experiment 1960s70s – homosexuality Humphreys posed as a watchqueen (lookout for police) for homosexual men who met for sex, tracked license plates, and interviewed the men years later Male homosexual acts were illegal. Data eventually destroyed to protect the subjects Guidelines o Voluntary participation o Harm must be minimized o Confidentiality (identity kept hidden) or anonymity (identity never recorded/known) o Deception must be minimized (dependent on study) Culture Culture ways of life (values, customs, language, etc.) passed through generations Society’s personality Toolkit for navigating the world, necessary for survival Components Symbols – representatives, dual meanings Language – symbols that enable thought and communication (verbal and nonverbal) Values – collective ideas, morality, desired and undesired behavior o How we evaluate behaviors, ideas, etc. Norms – rules of behavior and conduct o Folkways – unenforced (which side of the sidewalk to walk on) o Mores – core values, some formal, difficult but possible to change o Taboos – violation is met with revulsion o Subculture – group within dominant culture with unique language, dress, etc. A minor culture that coexists with the dominant culture Based on occupation, interest, religion, politics, etc. e.g. geek culture, sports o Counterculture – minor culture that conflicts with dominant culture e.g. gangs, white supremacists, hippies Stepping Outside Ethnocentrism – evaluating another culture based one’s own o Culture shock – disorientation that occurs when culture (method for navigating the world) doesn’t work o One view, tunnel vision Culture Relativism – evaluating another culture based on that culture o Better understanding of causation and meaning of aspects of the culture o Often challenges morality/standards High Culture vs Pop Culture High – requires knowledge and/or money o e.g. polo, opera, art Pop – requires little to no knowledge or money o e.g. sports, pop music, craft beers Human Development Socialization – lifelong process of learning to function or find “place” in society o Essential link between individual and society Selfconcept (“selfesteem”) o Physical, active, social, and psychological sense of self Cooley and the LookingGlass Self o Perception of others’ evaluation of one’s self o “How we think others think about us” Meade and RoleTaking concept o Process of mentally taking place of others to understand their point of view Roletaking (becoming that person) practice Rolemaking (create what we think that person expects) Playing the role (acting out what we think that person expects) o Significant others – people with influence over behavior
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