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Week 3 PSYCH1300 Notes

by: Bailey Berry

Week 3 PSYCH1300 Notes Psychology 1300

Marketplace > University of Houston > Psychology 1300 > Week 3 PSYCH1300 Notes
Bailey Berry
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These notes will be on the first exam.
Intro to Psychology
Dr. Herb Agan
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bailey Berry on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 1300 at University of Houston taught by Dr. Herb Agan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 155 views.

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Date Created: 02/06/16
Notes for the week 02/01­02/05 Theories of Psychology: 1. Psycho­analysis­ psyche (soul). This deals with the unconscious and unresolved  childhood conflicts. This also deals with suppressing emotions (when a feeling comes up, but we push it back down) and repression (we never let the emotion or truth come out).  Psychologists that have used this theory: Carl Jung. Alfred Adler who said that our  behavior is affected by our inferiority and that birth order dictates the different roles that  we play (the oldest acts as leader, the youngest is the most spoiled/baby) Sullivan talks  about relationships and this theory, Erikson talks about psych­analysis theory and  developmental psychology which is throughout our lives, and he studied different groups  of individuals such as gangs and the Apache Indians.  a. Freudian Slips­ you say one thing instead of another. Ex: You go to say “I have  five sisters” but instead you say “I have five blisters”.  2. Behavior­ Psychologists: Pavlov, Watson. This is what happens outside of you (being  shaped by the environment). Environmentally learned behaviors. Ex: If your job offers  raises for having a certain amount of sales, this will motivate you more than you normally would so that you could get the raise.  3. Humanistic­ Free­will. This is all about choices and self­actualization. Psychologists  associated with this theory: Carl Rogers (care, warmth, understanding aid in this theory).  Victor Frankl, and Maslow.  4. Trait­ Traits will influence us. They will always be there. If you’re an introvert, then your decisions will be based off of your trait. Your traits remain the same. Psychologists:  Cattell (used the 5 factor model) and Carl Jung, as well as Meyers/Briggs (Meyers/Briggs trait test **we did test in class**) 5. Social Learning­ Situations are more important than traits, this includes: family  influences, cultural influences, religious, etc. Model ourselves after our parents. People  can adapt to their environments. Social learning is by watching others. Psychologists  associated: Bandera, Sternberg, Singleman.  6. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy­ Also known as CBT. This therapy is done by trying to  change the thought process. So, if you think very negatively then CBT can try to change  those negative thoughts into more positive ones. Education is key. Psychologist: Albert  Ellis 7. Bio­psycho­ This is about brain chemistry and seeing how stress and different factors can change our chemistry and attitude. This looks at the nervous system, and your sleep,  eating, emotions, aggression, and stress patterns.  What is a neuron? A neuron is a specialized cell that conducts impulses through the nervous system How do you measure the strength of the brains response to stimuli? It depends on the number of neurons firing at the same time and their rate of firing. A weak  stimulus may only have a few neurons fire. When a strong stimulus may trigger thousands of  neurons at the same time. The same concept is with rate; weak neurons are associated with firing  very slowly, and strong neurons with fast or rapid rates.  If you fall and hurt yourself, what chemical do you hope your brain releases? Endorphins, this the neurotransmitter than provides relief from pain  What does the central nervous system consist of? The central nervous system is made up of all the neural tissues inside the skull and backbone.  Basically, the brain and spinal cord.  According to research, what determines handedness? Handedness is neurologically based. The left hemisphere of the brain deals with math, logic,  analytical thinking, and speaking, reading, and speech. The left hemisphere controls the right  side (right handedness). While the right hemisphere is more adept to visual­spatial relations and  music processing. The right hemisphere controls the left side (left handedness).  Why do female brains have more gray matter? Gray matter is associated with the cerebral cortex and is associated with higher mental process of language, memory, and thinking, and it’s often been seen associated with higher intelligence  tests. Women have about an equal amount of gray and white matter while men have much more  white than gray. Gray is associated with emotional perception and women are more dominant in  this area because they have more gray matter than men.  What do daydreaming, meditation, intoxication, and sleep have in common? They are all altered states of consciousness. What is the most significant environmental queue that influences your circadian rhythm? Bright light is the most significant queue, especially sunlight. When the eyes adjust to the  sunlight it produces melatonin. So during the daytime, melatonin is not produced. Melatonin  induces sleep and tells the body what time of day it is and what time of the year.  If you work when your body needs to sleep, what is the effect? Your alertness and performance levels will significantly decrease. Your energy, efficiency,  reaction time, and productivity is very low.  What does REM sleep mean? What happens during it? REM means Rapid Eye Movement sleep. During REM sleep, our brains are highly active and the large muscles in our body become paralyzed. During this type of sleep, the eyes move very  rapidly and this is also the time when dreams are most vivid.  What is the effect of a small amount of sleep on cognitive behavior? Your cognitive performance decreases, and not getting enough sleep can actually fail your ability to learn.  What is the body’s natural way of protecting itself against harmful substances? The body’s natural way of protecting itself is by drug tolerance. So, the user of a harmful  substance begins to become less and less affected by the substance and has to start increasing  larger amounts of the substance in order to get the effected the wanted.  Jo­Hari Window:   Known to self Not known to self Known to Open Jhared Blind Spots others Arena Not Hidden Facade Unconsious known to others


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