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Week 2 notes part 2

by: Kat Okoh

Week 2 notes part 2 HDFS 129

Kat Okoh
Pennsylvania State University Altoona
GPA 3.48

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About this Document

Temperament, NYLS Categorizes, Attachment Types
Intro to Human Development and Family Studies
Jessica Lauren Degol
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Intro to Human Development and Family Studies

Popular in Behavioral Sciences

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kat Okoh on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 129 at Pennsylvania State University Altoona taught by Jessica Lauren Degol in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Intro to Human Development and Family Studies in Behavioral Sciences at Pennsylvania State University Altoona.

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Date Created: 02/06/16
Daily Notes: Week 2 part 2 HDFS Temperament - Stable individual differences in reactivity & self-regulation - Reactivity: o Speed and intensity of  Emotional arousal  Attention  Motor activity  Self- regulation Thomas & Chess - Parent reports of a child’s behavior - Evaluated nine aspects of behavior o Activity level o Rhythmicity o Distractibility o Approach/ Withdrawal o Adaptability o Attention span & persistence o Intensity of reaction o Threshold of responsiveness o Quality of mood NYLS Categorize infants as: - Easy (40%) regular routines, cheerful, highly adaptive - Slow to warm up (15%) inactive, low reactions to stimuli, slow to adapt to new experiences, negative mood - Difficult (10%) irregular routines, slow to adapt to new experiences, reacts negatively and intensely - Hard to classify (35%) Attachment - An emotional bond with a specific person that is enduring across time and space - Bowlby’s attachment theory o Infants use their primary caregiver as a secure base Types of Attachment - Secure: explores freely, may cry when caregiver leaves, happy upon their return o Long-term : outcomes are positive; good social skills, well-liked o Caregiver : consistently responds to child’s needs  Child: learns that caregiver is reliable and trustworthy - Insecure: Ambivalent o Little to no exploration o Very distress when caregiver leaves o Remains upset upon their return o Long term: dependence (especially girls) or aggression (especially boys) o Caregiver: inconsistent in responding to child’s needs  Child: unsure to view caregiver, will they meet the needs? - Insecure: Avoidant o Explore toys o Doesn’t care caregiver leaves/slightly upset o Avoids or ignores caregiver upon return o Long term: depression o Caregiver: unresponsive to child’s needs o Child: learns not to depend on caregiver for comfort or needs, learns to comfort ones-self - Insecure: Disorganized o Infant has inconsistent behavior to interactions o Caregiver: may be neglectful or abusive o Child: exhibits strange behaviors Altering Attachments - A working mother would influence the attachment - Study done in 60s tried fathers, but none of the father’s fit into the attachment groups - Study only works for primary caregiver= mother Toddler Regulates Behavior to Avoid Angering adult o Learn to self soothe - Self-Awareness o Shopping cart Study  Can the child figure out how to get the shopping cart to their mother  By stepping off the mat the cart will move  After about 18 months baby become self-aware - Cultural/national differences baby milestones o Health care o Maternity leave o Nutrition Development in Early Childhood (2yr-6) - Fantasy play is main form of enjoyment o Game with rules: Simon Says - Think of a movie or TV show you watched that really stirred up emotions o Made you cry (i.e. Titanic, Marley and Me, American Sniper, etc. ) o Pumped you up (i.e. remember the Titans, The Blind Side, Behind Enemy Lines, etc.) o How do you feel favorite team wins? - Empathy o Feeling the same or similar emotions as another person  Complex mix of cognition and emotion  Must detect emotions, take other’s perspective o What forms of communication make it difficult for us to detect emotions in the other person?  Texting  Email  Facebook o Have you ever misinterpreted a message via one of these methods because of a lack of emotional cues? o Mirror Neurons – “monkey-see-monkey-do” when you see someone doing something you neurons fire in that pattern  Found accidentally; monkey study on when monkey’s brain responds to picking up peanut  Ex: you jump rope, your neurons in your brain fire in specific pattern, you watch girl jump rope, your neurons fire in the same pattern - Mirroring Neurons o Connection at a simple level o Allows us to understand other emotions o When you see other people’s emotion, actions you feel as though you are doing it too  Good actors are good at manipulating those actions for the audience


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