HIS 218 HIS 218-05
Popular in The World in the 20th Century
Popular in History
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michael Huynh on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 218-05 at University of North Carolina - Greensboro taught by Ethan A. Moore in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see The World in the 20th Century in History at University of North Carolina - Greensboro.
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Date Created: 02/06/16
Cold War and Stalinism Three World Order 19471991 Capitalist Countries Communist Countries Third World Countries Cold War The Cold War was a battle between beliefs and ideologies Conflict between the U.S and U.S.S.R where as the world was divided into “spheres of influence” Threat of military hostility lead to both sides maintaining strong alliances(N.A.T.O and Warsaw Pact), military forces, and build up of nuclear arsenals Though referred as a “Cold” war, it became “Hot” as the U.S and U.S.S.R fought proxy wars(Vietnam, Korea, Afghanistan) Containment To prevent the spread of Communism. There were three policies that helped contain Communism: The Truman Doctrine(1947), The Marshall Plan(1947), NATO(1949) The Truman Plan offered military and financial assistance to any country fighting communism The Marshall Plan gave loans to vulnerable European countries to help rebuild after WWII. Recipient countries were to only buy U.S made goods and had to open up to free trade NATO or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization was an alliance of Capitalist and non communist countries. If one country in NATO was attacked, then all of NATO was attacked. Leninism Belief that Russian socialists needed to form a closed and highly disciplined political party of revolutionaries The Bolshevik Revolution saw the Communist Party gain power in 1917. War between the Red army(Bolshevik) and the White army(Capitalistic, Monarchism) Red army won and formed U.S.S.R. Lenin was the first leader of U.S.S.R Stalinism Stalin succeeded Lenin after his death. Stalin consolidated near absolute power. Stalinism: a system based on a planned economy with state ownership of property and emphasis on large scale production. Stalinism led to huge bureaucracy and bred corruption. The Stalin Revolution, was the collectivization of land in the name of the government.
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