HIS 218 HIS 218-05
Popular in The World in the 20th Century
Popular in History
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michael Huynh on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 218-05 at University of North Carolina - Greensboro taught by Ethan A. Moore in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see The World in the 20th Century in History at University of North Carolina - Greensboro.
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Date Created: 02/06/16
India Religion and Ethnic diversity Hinduism (80%) Islam (13%) Christianity (2%) Sikhism (1%) Over 100 ethnic groups and 216 different languages and dialects. Hindi is one of 14 official languages of India Projected to overtake China as most populous country by 2030 Conquest of India Great Britain gradually gained control of territory in India in the 18th and 19th centuries after many wars between Hindus and Muslims weakened India Britain ruled India through i ndirect colonialism Indirect colonialism relied on the local elites to govern British also trained the army called sepoys that were very loyal to the British Growth of nationalism occurred overtime in India British Colonial Policies in India Britain banned Indian cloth from its home market while allowing English produced clothing to enter India tariff free Introduced cash crops like cotton Imposed monopoly control over industries like salt and opened India up to global market and trade Bought industry to India Britain actually tried to help themselves though they are credited with changing and modernizing India Mohandas K. Gandhi Started out as part of the social elite Went to school in Britain and was a lawyer in South Africa Experiences racism in South Africa Moves back to India and challenged Britain rule Created the Spinning Wheel Movement and led the Salt March Spinning Wheel Movement had to end because of the violence that occurred Indian Independence and the Death of Gandhi Between 1935 and 1947, Britain and Indian representatives struggled to find solutions to the “Indian Problem” 1935, Indian Act was introduced. It allowed Indian assembly to have some say in government except defense and foreign affairs. World War II stopped the issue temporarily. India helped Great Britain in their war against the Nazis 1947, Indian Independence Act was signed. Separated Muslims and Hindus. Muslims were given their own territory to create, Pakistan 1948, Gandhi is assassinated by a Hindu militant because of Gandhi’s tolerance toward Muslims Jawaharlal Nehru (18891964) Recognized as Gandhi’s successor after his death Became India’s first prime minister of independent India in 1947 until his death in 1964 Also served as foreign minister of India. Had India neutral during the Cold War India and China had issues between their border issues and briefly went to war with each other during Nehru’s term India was defeated by China Nehru’s daughter becomes prime minister after Nehru’s death but was assassinated and then Nehru’s grandson becomes prime minister and then he was assassinated.
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