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spanish 1010 week 3 notes

by: Kennedy Finister

spanish 1010 week 3 notes FLSP 1013 - 001

Marketplace > Auburn University > Spanish > FLSP 1013 - 001 > spanish 1010 week 3 notes
Kennedy Finister
GPA 2.95

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auburn university elementary spanish professor: Señor Irwin material covered: position of adjectives non agreement adjectives adverbs adjectives of quantity present indicative verbs reg...
Elementary Spanish I
John S Irwin
Class Notes
spanish 1010, Auburn University, Elementary Spanish, Espanol, spanish
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kennedy Finister on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FLSP 1013 - 001 at Auburn University taught by John S Irwin in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see Elementary Spanish I in Spanish at Auburn University.

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Date Created: 02/06/16
[SPANISH  GRAMMAR]   1     Position  Of  Adjectives   • English   o Before  the  noun   • Spanish     o Noun  then  adjective   • Example:   o The  blue  pen  à  el  bolígrafo  azul       Non-­‐  Adjective  Agreement   Agreement     Describes  the  relationship  between  a  group  of  words   An  adjective  must  agree  with  the  noun  it  modifies     • Article  ßà  noun   • Noun  ßà  adjective   • In  other  words  they  must  be  same  gender/number  to  be  grammatically   correct   o Plural  article  ßà  plural  noun   o Singular  noun  ßà  singular  adjective   o Feminine  article  ßà  feminine  noun   o Masculine  ßà  masculine  adjective   • Masculine  à  feminine   o –o  à  -­‐a   • Consonant  à  add  –a   o trabajador  à  trabajadora   • Adjectives  that  end  in  –e  can  modify  either  masculine  or  feminine   o e  à  no  change   • all  adjectives  that  end  in  a  vowel  require  an  –s  when  they  modify  a   plural  noun  &  those  that  end  in  a  consonant  require  –es       Adverbs   -­‐Modify  verbs,  adjectives,  or  adverbs   -­‐Answer  the  questions     When?       Llegaron  tarde     How?       Canta  muy  bien     Where?         Lo  puso  afuera     -­‐Feminine  adjective  +  -­‐mente     1     Example:       Silenciosa  +  mente  =  silenciosamente       Adjectives  of  Quantity     • Es  muy  simpatico  à  he  is  very  nice   • Es  bastante  trabajadora  à  she  is  quite  hard  working   • Son  un  poco  tímidos  à  they  are  a  bit  shy   • No  son  nada  sociables  à  they  are  not  at  all  sociable     v Caution:  un  poco  is  only  used  for  negative  qualities   § Un  poco  antípatico,  tímida,  díficil         Present  Indicative  Verbs   1. takes  place  in  the  present   2. happens  on  a  regular  basis   3. states  general  truths   • indicative  mood   o indicates  that  what  is  being  discussed  is  factual  certain  or   objective       Regular  Verbs   • conjugations  follow  a  pattern   o ar  verbs  follow  one   o er  follow  a  different  one   o ir  follow  another  one   o Most  verbs  are  regular  in  their  conjugations       Stem  Ending   • Verb  =  stem  +  ending   • Infinitive  endings  =  ar,  er,  ir   o Hablar   o Comer   o Vivir     • Stem  =  everything  but  ending     • To  conjugate     1. Remove  indefinite  ending   2. Add  person/number/tense  endings  to  stem   • English  everyone  has  the  same  ending   2     [SPANISH  GRAMMAR]   3     • Spanish  each  person  gets  their  “own”  ending           -­‐ar  Verbs   • All  regular  verbs  that  end  in  –ar  share  the  same  conjugation  pattern   • To  conjugate   o Remove  –ar  ending  from  infinitive     o Add  person/number,  tense  ending  for  each  subject   § Yo  à    -­‐o   § Tú  à    -­‐as   § Él,  ella,  ud  à    -­‐a   § Nosotro  à    -­‐amos   § Vosotros  à    -­‐áis   § Ellos,  ellas,  uds  à    -­‐an   o Hablar   § Hablo   § Hablas   § Hablan   § Hablamos   § Habláis   § Hablan       -­‐er  Verbs   • All  regular  verbs  that  end  in  –er  share  the  same  conjugation  pattern   • To  conjugate   o Remove  –er  ending  from  infinitive     o Add  person/number,  tense  ending  for  each  subject   § Yo  à    -­‐o   § Tú  à    -­‐es   § Él,  ella,  ud  à    -­‐e   § Nosotro  à    -­‐emos   § Vosotros  à    -­‐éis   § Ellos,  ellas,  uds  à    -­‐en   o Aprender   § Aprendo   § Aprendes   § Aprende   § Aprendemos     3   § Aprendéis   § Aprenden         -­‐ir  Verbs   • All  regular  verbs  that  end  in  –ir  share  the  same  conjugation  pattern   • To  conjugate   o Remove  –ir  ending  from  infinitive     o Add  person/number,  tense  ending  for  each  subject   § Yo  à    -­‐o   § Tú  à    -­‐es   § Él,  ella,  ud  à    -­‐e   § Nosotro  à    -­‐imos   § Vosotros  à    -­‐is   § Ellos,  ellas,  uds  à    -­‐en   o Vivir   § Vivo   § Vives   § Vive   § Vivimos   § Vivis   § Viven       Possesive  Adjective     1. Modifies  the  noun   2. Expresses  ownership     • English  possessive  adjectives  agree  with  the  person  wo  has  possession   § Tom’s  book  à  his  book   § We  have  a  book  à  our  book   o Does  change  when  plural     • Spanish  possessive  adjectives  agree  with  the  possessive  noun  &  with   the  possessed  items   § El  libro   • Mi  libro   • Tu  libro   • Su  libro   • Nuestro  libro  (can  change  gender)   • Vuestro  libro  (can  change  gender)   • Su  libro   4     [SPANISH  GRAMMAR]   5     § Los  libros   • Mis  libros   • Tus  libros   • Sus  libros   • Nuestros  libros  (can  change  gender)   • Vuestros  libros  (can  change  gender)   • Sus  libros     o Possessive  adjectives  appears  before  possession  it  modifies   § Las  computadoras  de  nosotras  à  nuestras  computadoras       Possessive  with  de  +  pronoun   • Su  &  Sus:       o His,  her,  their,  you  (formal)   § His  book  à  su  libro   § Her  book  à  su  libro   § Their  book  à  su  libro   • Su  +  possession  =  possession  +  de    +  pronoun     § His  book  à  su  libro  à  el  libro  de  él   § Her  book  à  su  libro  à  el  libro  de  ella   § Their  book  à  su  libro  à  el  libro  de  ellos       Clarification  of  Possessives  with  de  +  pronoun   • Suyo  &  el  suyo     o His,  hers,  their,  you  (formal)   o Substitute  de  +  pronoun  to  clarify   § His  book  à  el  libro  suyo  à  el  libro  de  él   § Her  house  à  la  suya  à  la  de  ella   § Their  friends  à  los  suyos  à  los  de  ellos     o The  long  form  possessive  adjectives  &  pronouns  continue  to   agree  with  both  the  possessor  &  the  possession  regardless  of   the  for  used         5  


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