PSCI 1101- Intro to American Politcs week 4 notes
PSCI 1101- Intro to American Politcs week 4 notes PSCI 1101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Evan Gallagher on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 1101 at University of Colorado taught by John Griffin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Intro to American Politics in Political Science at University of Colorado.
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Date Created: 02/06/16
PSCI 1101 Intro to American Politics Week 4 Notes Constitution/ Federalism 2/4- Federalism Federalism is a system of shared sovereignty between two levels of government. This is split up into nation and and subnational. The national government is more powerful, subnational governments usually operate because the national government allows it Some alternatives to this include a unitary system or The EU is one of the few federalist governments left today National powers These are found in the constitution article 1 section 8 They also have the implied powers, also called the elastic cause, used to keep the powers of the government flexible and able to change on a whim Inherent powers “the powers of the national government that, although not always expressly granted by the constitution. These are essentially all of the powers that the government did not have during the articles of confederation State powers “the powers not delegated to the united states bt the constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people Some powers: Issue licenses regulate interstate business Conduct elections establish local governments Ratify amendments to the constitution promote public health and safety The evolution of federalism McCulloch V. Maryland sets up for the supremacy clause and the necessary and proper clause to become established Gibbons V. Ogden Really important to the commerce clause. This clause is very important for the evolution of the federal government Civil War Important for Nullification(the idea that state governments can deny abiding by an amendment) Different types of federalism • Dual federalism The different levels of government are distinct. There is not a lot of coordination between levels • Cooperative federalism (1930s) the new deal changes this. The different levels of government work together • New federalism (devolution) This is the idea of transferring the power back down to the states • Fiscal Federalism how the governments interact with each other mostly through taxing and grants. • Competitive Federalism “voting with your feet” when people get out of one state and move to one that more fits what they want. States can govern themselves • Coercive federalism getting the states to do what the governments wants. This can be done through multiple means “carrots and sticks” metaphor. Carrots essentially means bribery. Ex. if the national government wanted colorado to get rid of the legalization of marijuana, they could pay them, sticks essentially means they will use brute force to make it happen. Benefits of federalism 1. First, you can have regional differences of laws. This is useful due to how different states have largely different ideals 2. Permits innovation and experimentation. 3. Provides another avenue for change. 4. Enables greater participation in the system. More people can get into government instead of it all taking place in Washington Costs of federalism 1 Gaps between states. ex. Public schooling spending between states is largely different. 5. Allow for different practices Makes coordination very difficult. If a business wants to operate country wide, they essentially have to abide by 50 different sets of rules Not all practices are good, federalism allowed: Slavery segregation jim crow laws civil war 6. Conflict between national and state laws. Since federally marijuana is illegal federally, the federal law could come in and arrest and use of it despite it being legal in colorado Recitation Quick thesis on importance of Strong Government A strong federal government is important due to individual states inability to accurately depict what is best for them. Under the articles of confederation, when there was little to no national government, little to no work got done. The whole reason we put a national government in the constitution was due to the states not being able to unite and run a country.
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