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Lecture 3. Introduction Tips and Primary and Secondary Sources

by: Eric Elguea

Lecture 3. Introduction Tips and Primary and Secondary Sources HIST 1301 - 001

Marketplace > University of Texas at El Paso > History > HIST 1301 - 001 > Lecture 3 Introduction Tips and Primary and Secondary Sources
Eric Elguea
GPA 3.4

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These notes cover Lecture 3, Introductions notes and Primary and Secondary Notes.
History of U.S. to 1865 - 22096
Richard C. Foust
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eric Elguea on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1301 - 001 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Richard C. Foust in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 251 views. For similar materials see History of U.S. to 1865 - 22096 in History at University of Texas at El Paso.


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Date Created: 02/06/16
“Slavery and Empire” Lecture III  ID: Slave (defined) o A slave is the property of someone else. They are subjected to overwork, cruel, punishment, and sexual exploitation. They are stereotyped as immoral, childlike, dim-witted, and incapable of being productive members within a free society.  Africa: Primary source of slaves for the world-leading countries o Largest amount of people in the Americas  More so than Europeans  Many believed that the Europeans were capturing the slaves in Africa, and some were but, o In many cases Africans were capturing their own to sell to the Europeans  1808: Slave transportation was stopped o Many women were conceiving children while in the Americas, causing the children to automatically become slaves once old enough o Did not need more as they were “growing their own”  10-11 million slaves came to the Americas  Triangular Trade o Slaves to the Americas, raw materials to England, Manufactured goods to Africa  ID: The Middle Passage o The middle part of the Triangular Trade, from Africa to the Americas, in which slaves were transported abroad ships and suffered from horrendous conditions. At least 2 million Africans died on the infamous Middle Passage.  Equatorial Doldrums o Type of “quarters” that were lacking proper sanitation, had wooden planks as “beds”  Many laid in their own waste as they traveled across the ocean. Many became sick and died during this travel (i.e. Middle Passage)  Slaves were treated like animals o Colonists separated families, they had no names, and their lives were made into a living hell o But, many lived through it and prospered by themselves  ID: Bacon’s Rebellion o Bacon’s Rebellion revealed intense class conflict between poor and rich whites in Virginia. This led to a change in the labor system, as the leading planters chose black slavery instead of white servants. Slavery helped to unify rich and poor whites on the racism towards blacks.  ID: Virginia Slave Code o This written set of laws, which would serve as a model for other colonies. Declared (among other things) that the death of a slave during punishment would not be considered a crime. o Slavery was written into the law  Colonists can get away with anything they wanted without punishment from the law  Tobacco was greatest product  1750: rice production was big; indigo was first produced (became huge cash crop for dresses, ink, etc.)  The success of the British Empire was largely due to the work of African Slaves o Without their work, would they have been the strongest?  ID: Mercantilism o Economic system based on the idea that national wealth and power were best gained by increasing exports and collecting precious metals (gold and silver) in return. English mercantile policy defined their American colonies as both suppliers of slave-produced raw materials and, in turn, markets for English manufactured goods  ID: Navigation Acts o These acts forbade merchants from other nations form trading in the colonies and specified a list of enumerated goods that could be shipped only to England. These included the products of the southern slave colonies: sugar, molasses, rum, tobacco, rice, and indigo. Introductions for the First Paper  Must: o Capture the interest of the reader o Clearly present the topic of your paper o Clearly state how you intend to argue that topic o Clearly establish the parameters of that argument!  Key possibilities for introducing your topic o Begin with a quote o Start at the end of the event o Begin with the impact of the event  Don’t be afraid to be creative!!  Conclusions o Wrap up your paper o Restate your argument o Briefly state your final analysis about your topic  Hints o Rewrite your paper until you can’t find any more to say o Have someone you trust to be objective read your final draft o Go over the paper one last time before handing it in. o USE SPELLCHECK!!  Primary and Secondary Sources o Primary source  First-hand accounts of an event, topic, or historical time period  They are typically produced at the time of the event by a person who experienced it, but can also be made later on in the form of memoirs  Anything that contains original information on a topic is considered a primary source. Usually primary sources are the object discussed in your paper.  Examples  Letters, diaries, journals  Original photographs  First-hand newspaper articles  Speeches and autobiographies  Government documents o Secondary source  Interpret or critique primary sources. They often include an analysis of the event that was are second-hand accounts that interpret or drawey conclusions from one or more primary sources.  Examples  Textbooks  Essays or reviews  Articles that analyze or discuss ideas and events  Commentaries or critiques ST 1 P APER IS DUE FEB. 19 !!TH


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