ANTH Section 004 Week One Notes
ANTH Section 004 Week One Notes ANTH 1000 - 004
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angelica Reed on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1000 - 004 at East Carolina University taught by Dr. Brooks in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 53 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Anthropology in Arts and Humanities at East Carolina University.
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I'm pretty sure these materials are like the Rosetta Stone of note taking. Thanks Angelica!!!
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Date Created: 02/06/16
Introduction to Anthropology (1000) Dr. Blakely Brooks Notes From Class of Day T wo By Angelica Nancy Reed Photo Credit: https://exploreanthropology.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/anthropology_main2.gif Chapter Two Terms Symbol: Something, verbal or nonverbal, that arbitrarily and by convention stands for something else, with which it has no necessary or natural connection. Enculturation: The social process by which culture is learned and transmitted across the generations. Core Values: Key, basic, or central values that integrate a culture and help distinguish it from others. Hominids: A member of the taxonomic family that includes humans and African apes and their immediate ancestors. (HUMANOID) Hominins: Human lineage EXCEPT for chimps and gorillas Estrus: Period of maximum sexual receptivity in primates, signaled by vaginal area swelling and coloration. Generality: Culture pattern or trait that exists in some but not all societies. Particularity: Distinctive or unique culture trait, pattern, or integration. Universal: Something that exists in every culture. National Culture: Cultural experiences, beliefs, learned behavior patterns, and values shared by citizens of the same nation. Subcultures: Different cultural symbol based traditions associated with subgroups in the same complex society. Ethnocentrism: The tendency to view one’s own subculture as best and to judge the behavior and beliefs of culturally different people by one’s own standards. (“centris”= center) Cultural Relativism: The position that the values and standards of cultures differ and deserve respect. Anthropology is characterized by methodological rather than moral relativism: In order to understand another culture fully, anthropologists try to understand its members’ beliefs and motivations. Methodological relativism does not preclude making moral judgments or taking action. Human rights: Doctrine that invokes a realm of justice and morality beyond and superior to particular countries, cultures, and religions. Human rights, usually seen as vested in individuals, include the right to speak freely, to hold religious beliefs without persecution, and not to be enslaved. Acculturation: The product of when two cultural groups meet and cultures are altered. Globalization: The accelerating interdependence of nations in a world system linked economically and through mass media and modern transportation systems. Diffusion: Borrowing between cultures either directly or through intermediaries. Cultural rights: Doctrine that certain rights are vested not in individuals but in identifiable groups, such as religious and ethnic minorities and indigenous societies. Intellectual property rights: Each society’s cultural base- its core beliefs and principles. IPR is claimed as a group right- a cultural right, allowing indigenous groups to control who may know and use their collective knowledge and its applications. Independent invention: Development of the same culture trait or pattern in separate cultures as a result of comparable needs and circumstances. Class Notes Culture constructs meaning on the world around us. Blueprint for living The acquired knowledge that people use to interpret their world and generate social behavior A system of shared beliefs, behaviors, values, customs, and artifacts used by members of a group which are cumulative, symbolic, and are transmitted from generation to generation through learning. Meanings of culture: o The Humanities Construal: Culture is the cultivation of the human intellect and “class” E.B. Tylor: that complex whole which includes knowledge belief, art, law, morals, customs, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society. Franz Boas: founder of American anthropology: mental and physical reactions and activities that characterize the behavior of the individuals composing a social group collectively and individually: Salvage anthropology, armchair cataloging representations of exotic peoples, fieldwork HRAF: Human relations area files= a database of all anthropological research (ALL OF THESE ARE THE BOASIAN TRADITION) Ethnography: A written documentation of what people do in a particular culture.
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