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Week 2 Notes

by: Melanie Pelczynski

Week 2 Notes History 1100

Melanie Pelczynski

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Early English settlement, Navigation Acts, Lifestyle Differences
Survey of American History to 1865
Sean Rost
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melanie Pelczynski on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 1100 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Sean Rost in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Survey of American History to 1865 in History at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 02/06/16
Early English Settlement (2/1/16) The first thanksgiving at Plymouth (1914) New England Calvinism- protestant reformer mankind and god Predestination- unconditional election Puritans- settle in Boston, led by John Winthrop Pilgrims- Settle in Plymouth, seeking independence, fence in land to make ore products and money Work to live-Subsistence farm economy making enough to live with not access Good wife- hard working, quiet, submissive, pious Mid wife- birth children, promote women, determine who the father is Anne Hutchinson- puritan women, new pastor, opposite view of him, predestination, banned and arrested Scolds- lack male control, dunking Witches- superstition, relationship and individual, Salem trials 5 Parts of Calvinism (TULIP): Total depravity- humans are evil Predestination- god selected people to be saved Limited atonement- Jesus died only for chosen Irresistible grace- god grace freely given to those who will accept it Perseverance of the saints- god gives chosen full power to do gods will 1) Building a moral society 2) Conflict with church Lutheranism -rebel against catholic policy -priest were corrupt -everyone can save themselves Mayflower compact (1620) -written and signed on ship -saying they will share political power -town meeting, structure was developed Free man: not dependent on anyone else’s claim Roanoke -rely on Native Americans for food, shelter, protection ~was not successful -return again less dependent ~cannot return till 1590’s (3 years) Indentured Servants -someone else pay their way to new world -80 % unfree If they live out indenture -become free and get land -cultivate tobacco -high mortality rate 80% Live to Work -forces to work for someone else -lively hood -most profit went to treasury Tobacco Tobacco brides- convinced women to come to America and are payed with tobacco Apples -cider -improved mortality rate, lead to healthier lifestyle Facing East (2/3/2016) Native Americans and Colonial World Key terms Squanto, Pocahontas, Noble savage, praying towns, Navigation Acts Squanto -Native Americans -Knows English captured by them and taken to England -Eventually returned to America Pocahontas -1 of the daughters of Pohang (chief and supreme leader) -real names: Amonute, Matoaka -Tribute, saving John Smith, in debt to her and her father -1613 she’s captured by English, taken to Jamestown ~converted Christianity, educated, renames Rebecca -Marries John Wralth, tobacco, goes to England with him -has a son with John Wralth -develop disease and dies at 21 years old Massachusetts Bay Colony -Native American needs aid of Europe to modernize colonies -“come over here and help us” Noble Savage -Appearance, pageantry and costumes -Work habits, men hunt, Europeans hunt for nobility only -Back worthiness lack of structure, church -Backwards cultural appearance Praying Towns -Communities set up around Native Americans trade routes -Convert to English culture -Became communities where Native Americans could reinvent -2000 Native Americans in and around conversion narratives -Tell story to minister about why Native Americans came and convert -Help understand Native American culture -Trade, conversion Christianity, written records Harvard -Europeans used trade to push English culture -Develop trade department -Rely on Native American sons, convinced chiefs to give sons train them at University under English standards Trade Wampum Currency comes about Purplish shells, strung together Originates from Long Island Dutch flood market with it, loses value in 1660s Rise of coins Furs Dominant in New England and around the great lakes Deer Anglican colonization Learn to be savvy to English with agreements Becomes valuable, impacts animal life, decreased animal population Changes in Land Europeans Come to North America for gold Main crop, tobacco (year round work cycle) Lumber, (cut forests away for homes, boats, fire, and fences) Cleared land Fences helped with animal and land ownership Navigation Acts Dutch, mostly in New York, main trade nations English establish acts Native Americans Wampum Seasonal work (rotate 3 crops) Seasonal firs to open up land Open territory to all Navigation Acts Only English ships trade with English colony Sugar and Tobacco had to be shipped to England first Had to pass through English ports and Customs Dutch launch naval wars with English to counter the laws Drain treasures of resources, weaken the Dutch 10 years later Dutch surrender the colony to English English control all land from Maine to Florida Captivity and Conquests Opechancanough Pohatans brother 1622 surprise attack against James town ¼ population wiped out English destroy fields 1644 returns at 100 years old kills 500 colonists Quickly ended Decimate tribe, forced to sign treaty Pequot War (1630s) Fur trader killed by Pequot tribe English demand children tribute to those responsible Becomes larger scale war, Mystique burned to ground Pueblo Revolt Spain territory in New Mexico Return on practice back to dominance over Spain 1670s to 1680s- killed 20% colonists Spanish re-concur New Mexico Anne Hutchidson Good wife, gender breakdown Challenges everything when on trial Private vs public trial Religious leaders= political authority 5 commandment, not honoring those in authority to her


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