Week 5 notes
Popular in History of Women in the U.S. part 2
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Popular in History
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taryn manciu on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist309 at University of Oregon taught by Professor Bufalino in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see History of Women in the U.S. part 2 in History at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 02/06/16
Week 5 Wednesday Feminism in the 1920’s Lecture Themes -‐Once suffrage achieved; feminists dispersed; alliance splintered over ERA -‐Reactionary post-‐war climate characterized by opposing forces-‐ cultural modernism and political conservation -‐Women divided in a sense of they need to start focusing on other interests they have -‐Highlighting various paths women took -‐Rough period for social feminist and radicals -‐Cultural modernism emerges in art, literature and psychology and sexuality. World War 1 Strategies -‐NAWSA -‐Organized and publicized women’s wartime patriotism -‐Sought suffrage as reward for service -‐Lobbied/ campaigned for democrats who favored suffrage -‐NWP -‐Direct action (picketing) -‐Raised public debate -‐Campaigned against reigning politicians -‐Pointed out hypocrisy of wartime rhetoric -‐Strategy to Oppose Wilson (seen as unpatriotic) -‐Wanted to create discussion, and conflict because it was news and they wanted the issue of suffrage to become news -‐Two organizations come together to fight suffrage Susan B. Anthony Amendment -‐19 Amendment grants women right to vote -‐President Wilson endorses 1918 -‐Approved by house and senate 1919 th -‐Ratifies by ¾ of the U.S. states August, 18 1920 -‐Signed by President Wilson August 26, 1920 “The Roaring 20s” Red Scare -‐WILPF and “Spiderweb chart” -‐Organization founded by Jane Adams, formed from aftermath of WWI international organization that welcomed women from all over the world and countries. -‐Met with purpose of trying to interact with diplomacy -‐Maternal spirit (women as mothers of world have shared interest in peace -‐Place where everyone could come and discuss their differences -‐Encouraged de-‐militarization -‐NAM vs. “The Ladies Joint” -‐LJ -‐ Network organization, working for amendment to constitution for child labor, NAM opposed because child labor is cheap -‐Espionage and Sedition Acts -‐Allow federal Gov. to investigate, award jail sentences, and deport aliens and immigrants -‐Towards end of conflict Russia experiences revolution that leads to rise of soviet block -‐Leads U.S. to be suspicious of people of Russian decent or union or eastern block nations -‐Also concerned with people of leftist thinking (Radical, Marxism, or sympathetic to expansion of government) -‐Leading women reformers of America had their hands in a lot of organizations -‐Spider web suggested that leaders in these women’s groups were in fact communists and were being duped into leading to the demise of the nation resulting in a revolution “Revolution in Manner and Morals” -‐Harlem Renaissance -‐Artistic movement of African Americans -‐Music scene emergence that is new and vibrant, seen as truly American artistic tradition, radio brakes down color line, allows blacks to enjoy music in places where this music is enjoyed that they are not allowed to go. -‐Social places being to sell alcohol, men and women begin to smoke and drink together -‐Raise of Consumer Culture -‐Observers of American propaganda notes that playing on peoples emotions are most effective (psychological appeal) -‐Mass market of automobile, radio then marketing through radio -‐Post war disillusionment; WW1 shakes American and European confidence that all leading institutions of their culture are working in their interest (question existence of GOD, question political leadership) The Flapper -‐Like “the Gibson girl” an ideal, (little dangerous) image style adopted by significant proportion of women in post WW1 period -‐Popular media image -‐Young, urban, middle class, single, educated, free-‐spirited, independent, more overtly sexual than Gibson girl, less politically-‐minded than the New Women -‐Consumer-‐oriented in terms of labor and leisure -‐Backlash against suffrage -‐Rejection of normative hetero femininity -‐Flapper when to get hair bobbed – went to barber (what it meant to walk into a barber shop, socially and morally dangerous) -‐Rash, willingness to enter sexually charged male dominated space -‐Suggested sexual awareness -‐Elimination of stockings, skirt shortening (showing more skin) -‐Drinking/Smoking image -‐Flapper image was about conspicuous leisure Changing Ideas about Sexuality -‐Rise of adolescence and companionate ideal -‐Cultural change, public education expands to be co-‐ed, cities create opportunity to have social interaction (movies, cars…etc.) Makes for heterosexual interactions to occur (closed car heavily marketed for privacy, “brothel on wheels”) -‐Cars gave teens freedom from parents and supervision -‐Idea that men and women in romantic relationships with one another should be able to carry on a conversation, should have shared interests (breaking down of separate spheres) à men and women live separate lives à live lives together) -‐Rise in pre-‐marital sex and pregnancy -‐Notions of sexual orientation and expression -‐Sigmund Freud -‐Go on lecture tour, 1920s ideas widely discussed and changes peoples ideas of sexuality (positive and negative) -‐Going to argue people are driven by instinctual urges, urges for various things (food, sex…etc.) undermined that human beings are rational) people are guided by urges -‐Innate desire for sex, (new idea from COTW) Suggest that if sexual instinct is suppressed it is unhealthy. -‐Sexual orientation, identity, and community -‐Begin to be culture (underground) of shared experience and campy kind of culture (attire, symbols and signs…etc.) -‐People who are gay can find each other -‐Allows space for communities to develop -‐Because America is still relatively new nation and urban spaces are still developing, police and government crack down on homosexuality
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