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Anthropology week of Feb 2nd Notes

by: Graham Notetaker

Anthropology week of Feb 2nd Notes ANT112

Marketplace > Elon University > anthropology, evolution, sphr > ANT112 > Anthropology week of Feb 2nd Notes
Graham Notetaker
Elon University
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About this Document

Notes from class, plus my notes on the selfie article :)
Intro to Anthropology
Muriel Vernon
Class Notes
Anthropology, sociology




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Graham Notetaker on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT112 at Elon University taught by Muriel Vernon in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see Intro to Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Elon University.

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Date Created: 02/06/16
What is Anthropology?   “The cross cultural comparative study of humans and their diverse variable, but always  patterned ways of living.”     4 Types of Anthropology:  1. Physical  2. Archaeology   3. Linguistic  4. Cultural     3 Objectives of Anthropology:    1. Cultural universals vs. cultural specifics   ● Our own way of seeing something is not always the correct or right way of explaining  things  ● There are many cosmologies (worldviews) in which cultures describe what is going on  around them   2. Holism  ● Cultures are integrated systems with interrelated parts (look at more than one domain or  one institution)  ● Can not isolate social variables from others!  ● BUT! you cannot study EVERYTHING about a culture. That’s why we have splits in  anthropology     3. Cultural relativism  ● Different cultures have different notions of what is considered “normal, moral, valuable  etc.”  ● No culture is any more important or valuable than another   ● Ethnocentrism! (to value one’s own culture more than another)  ○ ^ creates prejudice, discrimination, control over others etc.   ● enables us to step back from our own opinions to allow other cultures room for their  convictions and beliefs to exist with ours                      Selfie Article:   Big Questions:     1. What does the selfie say about what different cultures value, dismiss, or contest  at the levels of ontology, evidence, epistemology, affect, ethics, and politics?   2. How is this saying figured by factors such as age, race, gender, sexuality, class,  power, access, language, faith, nation, and history?  3. How do selfies flow, and, in so doing, how do they facilitate flows and debates  around meaning, affect, and representation in easily digestible bits?     A selfie is: a photographic object that initiates the transmission of human feeling  in the form of a relationship. A selfie is also a practice—a gesture that can send  different messages to different kinds of people. This gesture may be modified by  social media, social censure, misreading of the sender’s original intent, or adding  additional gestures to the mix such as likes, comments, and remixes.     The selfie can have negative side effects too:  ● Physically harm to the user while taking the photo  ● Serve as blackmail  ● Contribute to vanity, and narcissism     Moral Panics:   ● Selfies create a “vicious” feedback loop where selfies are associated with  narcissism, and therefore women who take them are considered self­centered. It  creates a sort of generalization by association.     ● “damned if you do, damned if you don't”­ Basically, if you don't take selfies and  promote yourself, you are condemned for being too uptight. If you do a lot  however, it can seem slutty, or having poor “selfie control”     ● Selfie expectations have racial barriers: White women expect the selfie to be  effortless, masculine, and natural, lest he be considered unmanly, or therefore  unwhite.      ● “Odes to Heteronormativity—Presentations of Femininity in Russian­Speaking  Pregnant Women’s Instagram Accounts” is supposedly a reflection of what the  “proper” Russian family that displays the normal, “nuclear family.” Honestly this  example comes off as random, oddly specific, and un­pertaining to the majority of  selfies.     ● In places like the favelas of Brazil, selfies are used positively to document  children’s lives,  and to make sure they're alive during the day    ● In Australia, they’re viewed as jokes, and for intimate relationships as well as the  public sphere        As control and meaning:  ● Selfies create voyeurism, and promote the view of “see me inviting you to watch  me”    Authenticity:  ● Not only says “I’m here” but also, “I witnessed this event.” A military coup was  used as an example, but this is used in everyday life for concerts, political  gatherings, etc.   ● Selfies are in the eye of the beholder; westerners view the selfies of slain middle  eastern teenagers as “otherness” and not something that is catchy, important, or  included in western culture.   Disempowerment:  ● Selfies can empower or disempower people  ○ Saudi women posting pics of themselves driving  ○ Or when dirty pics are shared on the internet….!  The Grab  ● “Grabbing” glances at data on our phones for example in a tactile and planned  manner, left up for interpretation...hence up for grabs.   ● This data is circulated and is able to be grabbed by any person, or any screen.    Other Notes:    ● People garner meaning in life from getting into projects outside themselves. By  taking/viewing a selfie you are getting involved in someone else's life. It grants a  community feel.     


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