Popular in Intro to International Politics
Laura Castro Lindarte
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Public Relations
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Laura Castro Lindarte on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 1003 at George Washington University taught by Bill Mikhail in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Intro to International Politics in Public Relations at George Washington University.
Reviews for Week 4
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/06/16
February 1, 2016 Security Politics ● Security is very important for a nation ○ States act to protect themselves and their borders ○ EU focuses on fighting terrorism, Costa Rica has no army but still have to worry about security ● Technology is used to ensure security ○ Example is flying drones ○ Budget is important, in democracies debate will rise over security and budget ○ Need to be rational when deciding what to do ● There are lots of nations and each worry about security ● Balance of Power: a system of security based on alliances and counter alliances ○ Alliances and counter alliances are the pillars of balance of power ■ There is a lotdiversity between nations in alliances ○ Can be described withnumbers (quantitative) and descriptions (qualitatives) ■ Descriptive=numbers; normative=judgements ○ Sphere of influence: places where nations have influence even if not in alliance with them ■ Ex: Russia still having influence over parts of Asia ○ Alliances can be donhrough treaties, before/after war or before/after peace, usually begins with one nation taking initiative ○ Can be static or dynamic ■ Ex: France withdrew from army side of NATO but still a member of NATO ○ Practice of Selfrestraint: countries are in different alliances but no one is fighting ■ Only work if there is another competing power; problem with USA because when USA was winning in Iraq they did selfrestraint even though they had won ○ Many different types of balancnuclear, conventional, economic, among companies, mutual interest, terror, balance of (different groups of nations give needed resources to certain areas) ○ Balance of power isubject to domestic conditionnner debate influences alliances ○ Balance of power iconservative in nature: provides stability and can prevent war ○ Sometimes alliances arenot centralized or done to go against another country ■ “Coalition of the Willing”, “Alliance of English Language Speaking Nations”: against same enemy but only those countries of english heritage helped ○ Tied to realism because as to do with power and military ○ Related to constructivism becauome alliances to similar culture ○ Liberalism becausemust meet international alliances’ conditions ○ Not balance perfectly due to different history and other factors ■ Symmetrical relatioEurozone is example with Britain being out and Germany backing it up ● Collective Security: ensuring security of nations by collective means ○ Promoted by Woodrow Wilson ○ Decisions made by group of nations put together ○ Very old ideal ○ Either to counterbalance or not; must question how involved each are and type of nation (degree of conformity) ○ Question what the alternative is if nothing is done through collective security ○ Members are not always nations, can be nonstate actors ■ Ex: USA depending on Turks to fight ISIS even though it is not a state ● How is it enforced? ○ Case of Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran: ■ Putting hope that one nation will take over and promote stability ■ Can be frustrating and take long ○ All having confrontational atagainst the “other”binding power of collectivity ■ Ex: Muhammad Ali being envoy of Ottoman Sultan that mediates conflict; governor of Egypt; his son Ibrahim Pasha invaded nations and leading to Constantinopleurope worries because destroying balance of power so collective security made to stop his inritish Henry John Temple said “keep Egypt in Africa not Europe” ■ Shows that this existed before the League of Nations ○ Cause of War or Cause of Peace: ■ Iraq in 1991 for war and get rid of Hussein ■ Iraq 2003 get rid of weapons of mass destruction to bring peace ○ Can bedone through regional or international groups: ■ Being part of this is voluntary with no punishment for not joining ○ If structure is too rigid then nations will begin to stop caring and leave ■ Has historical precedent ■ Ex: Italy assaulted Abyssinia in 1938 without caring about collective security in League of Nations ○ Collective Security will not guarantee that problem is solved because countries begin to leave ■ Growing especially due to peacekeeping efforts ○ Could bewritten to documents February 3, 2016 ● First international treatTreaty of Kadesh between the Egyptians and the Hittite Empire ● Other important eventCongress of berlin and Congress of Vienna ● Evidence for realism incldcramble for Africa ● New book Ethical Realismfocusing on doinealism goals through moral ways ○ Early philosopher of realism is George Kennan (“Mr. X) ○ Hans Morgenthau taught realism in Chicago and wrote book “Politics Among Nations” ● Niebuhrwas a famous intellectuahat tried to do realism with connection to religion (Christian Realism) ○ Another was father Courtney Morrey ● Nixon and his advisor used realism goals ○ In Democratic sideBrzezinski with Carter ○ President Wilson promoted liberalism through League of Nations ● America is more schooled in liberalism ○ Cyrus Vance, former SOS and lawyer, is influential too ● Some didn’t like sharp division so mconstructivism: how several parts of society (religion, culture, language) influence how you do foreign policy ● Collective Security under United Nations mandaontesting sovereignty) ○ Contesting schools honor and acknowledge sovereignty ● Falklands IslandGreat Britain and Argentina wireat Britain getting sovereignty ○ You can claim 00 miles as exclusive economic zonrom border zone but territorial water is only 12 miles ● Strait of TirIsrael and Egypt in 1967 ● OderNeisse Line:River became border oGermany and Poland ● Now news of China building artificial island, USA send warship very close to it ○ Japan vs. China(and other nationsispute over islands in “South China Sea” ● Abu Musa, Greater Tumb, Lesser Tumb controlled by United Arab Emirates but dispute over them with Iran ● 1981 Gulf of SidrUSA and Libya with some instances of fighting ● Kuwait almost gave Bubiyan Island to Iraq ○ Oil rich area ○ Iraq didn’t accept offer to get island ● Paul Nitzfound SAIS at John Hopkins University ○ John Whitehead founded last addition at Seton Hall University ○ Oil rich area ○ Iraq didn’t accept offer to get island
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'