POLS 1020 week 5 part II
POLS 1020 week 5 part II Political science 1020
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eunji Kim on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Political science 1020 at Clemson University taught by Aron G. Tannenbaum in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 02/06/16
POLS 1020 week 5 part II Migration from the Global South to the Global North - Population pressure - Climate change Exam 2/9 Theory of the Democratic Peace - American exceptionalism o Democracies are inherently more peaceful than dictatorships o If more countries become democracies, warfare will get less - Support for democratic peace theory? o The rational/pacific public thesis is not supported by the evidence o The institutional (dispersion of power) thesis isn’t well-supported o The political culture thesis offers the most support for the democratic peace theory - Realist critique of DPT, they’re skeptical 1. Statistical insignificance o Few democracies until middle of last century o Few wars between sovereign states 2. Definitional problems o What counts as democracy? o France vs. Germany in WWI o Were the states democratically different? What counts as a war? o U.S. civil war: Were both sides equally democratic? Was the confederacy recognized as a sovereign state? 3. Democracies not all that peaceful in other ways Evaluation of the theory of the Democratic Peace o Democracies seem not to go to actual war against other democracies o But democracies aren’t inherently peaceful o Valid but limited o Don’t push it! The case for using IR liberalism (DPT) o Fight terrorism by “Draining the swamp” o The Arab spring: High hopes “ Winning the Arab Spring” The United States and the Arab Spring o The US wants Arab peoples to be free to make their own decisions (IR Liberal) o But the US wants Arab governments to make/keep peace with Israel (Realist) o And the US wants the oil to continue to flow freely (mainly to Europe and Asia) (Realist) o And the US wants Arab voters to reject jihadists, terrorists, extremists (IR Liberal) o But what if Arab voters choose to elect jihadists, terrorists, extremists and who go toward against Israel? The Case for Using Realism in American Policy in American Policy in the Middle East: o “illiberal Democracies”, pushing it too far o No love lost: the US and Iran o Iran: Rapprochement? o Syria o The Line-Up in Syria o The Assad regime (Shia) Ruled Syria brutally for 40 years Supporters: Iran, Russia, Hezbollah Opposed by: ISIS, non-ISIS jihadists, United States o ISIS (Suuni) Controls Sunni areas of Syria and Iraq Supporters: none Opposed by Iran, United States, other Sunni states o Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Jordan, Turkey With Whom Should the US cooperate in fighting against ISIS? The ayatollahs of Iran? (Shia) The Assad regime in Syria? (Alawite /Shia) The monarchial dictatorship of Saudi Arabia? (Sunni) The military rulers of Egypt? (Sunni but anti-jihadist) Pushing it too far Palestinian Elections 2006 West Bank o Fatah o Palestinian Authority o “Moderates” Gaze Strip o Hamas o “Terrorists” American Invasion of Iraq 2003 Goal: Liberate the Iraqi people from a cruel dictatorship from a cruel dictatorship Goal: Establish a democracy, one person one vote Result: The Iraqi Shia government becomes friendly with Iran Result: (2006-2008) Al Qaeda enters Iraq, coming to the rescue of the Sunni Result: (2014-?) ISIL enters Iraq, coming to the rescue of the Sunni Does the United States support Arab Dictators? Should it? The U.S., Arab Dictators, and Arab Democracy Realists say Support Dictators o Who make peace with Israel o Who keep the oil flowing o Who fight against terrorists and jihadists o Who consistently support US foreign policy o But encourage dictators to be less harsh, more benign (IR) liberals oppose dictators o Who deny their people basic human rights o Who make frustrated people turn to extremists, jihadists, and terrorists o Who discredit the good name of the U.S.? o But make sure the people do not vote extremists into power Democratic peace theory and the future of World politics Distinguish between academic theory and the practice of diplomacy Pre-requisites of democracy Don’t push it.