New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Notes Week 1-3

by: Claire Bryan

Notes Week 1-3 HS 3813

Claire Bryan
GPA 3.92

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes include PowerPoint information and things said in class. I would suggest using them in addition to PowerPoints on Blackboard.
Class Notes
Human Sciences
25 ?





Popular in Human Development

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Claire Bryan on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HS 3813 at Mississippi State University taught by TOMMY PHILLIPS in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see LIFESPAN THEORY in Human Development at Mississippi State University.

Similar to HS 3813 at MSU

Popular in Human Development


Reviews for Notes Week 1-3


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/06/16
What are theories? – January 14, 2016 Theory: explanation of why; organized set of ideas designed to explain development or behavior - Why important? o Help us make sense of what we observe o Organize our view of the world o Help develop predictions about behavior o Guide research and application Key Issues in Development Theory – January 19, 2016 1. Nature vs. Nurture a. Nature: biology and genes b. Nurture: experience and environment c. Which matters more when determining human development or behavior? i. Research: it’s not either/or, it’s both 1. Nature and nurture interact to influence development 2. Genes may establish a range of potential 3. Environment and experiences in the environment determine where someone ends up 2. Continuous vs. Discontinuous a. Continuous: change occurs gradually over time b. Discontinuous: changes are abrupt or categorical i. Critical and sensitive periods of development for cognitive motor development 3. Active vs. Passive a. Active: infants impact their own development b. Passive: infants are shaped by external factors c. Bidirectional/reciprocal influence Early Theories – January 21, 2016 Preformationism (Medieval 500-1400) - Children are seen as fully formed, miniature adults - Only difference is size - No special needs different from adults - Ascribed status (status based on the family you are born into) - Childhood was not recognized as a separate, distinct period in the lifespan Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) - “Children are inherently good, but become corrupted by the evils of society” - Children are entitled to freedom and happiness - Children are born with natural capacity to learn o Curious and want to explore and learn o Best when allowed to be independent – interference from adults makes children lose their love of learning - Takes side of Nature argument - Takes side of Active argument William Blake (1757-1827) - Children = inherently bad o They require a great deal of discipline - Must be taught social norms, primarily through discipline o Unsocialized and initially unregulated - Takes side of Nurture argument Gesell’s Maturational Theory (Ch. 2) – January 26, 2016 Arnold Gesell (1880-1961) - Psychologist and pediatrician & observational researcher - “Children unfold like a flower” Maturational Theory: the sequence, timing, and form of development is directed by genes - Development always unfolds in “fixed sequences” directed by genes (taken from Erikson’s epigenetic principle) - Nature – the environment is supportive, but plays no direct role in sequence patterns - Development unfolds in the same sequence in all children, but the speed differentiates - Key patterns o Cephalocaudal trend: development from the head – down o Proximodistal trend: development from the center – out (starts with the heart and works out) 3 Principles of Growth 1. Reciprocal Interweaving a. We are built in twos b. One quality takes the back seat to another in order to be more efficient i. Ex. As children, we use both hands to perform tasks, but eventually one hand becomes dominant ii. Ex. As children, we try on different personalities (loud, shy, etc.) before one becomes dominant 2. Functional Asymmetry a. Unbalanced development is party of growth b. It allows us to achieve better functioning later in development i. Refers to dominance of one side over the other 3. Self-regulation a. We all have natural ability to regulate physical routines b. Baby’s needs: eat, sleep, play c. Children will resist efforts to adapt to parents’ schedules because it is different than their eternal clock d. Children have internal self-regulation What makes people individual? - (Shortcomings of theory: dramatically underestimates the influence of the environment and learning) - Individual differences in development occur only in timing o Children go through the same sequences by may differ in their rate of growth o Difference may be because of temperament o Culture should adjust to each child’s uniqueness Environment can also determine the rates they hit stages in development - This supports genetic unfolding *Notes compliment the PowerPoints on classroom Blackboard. See PowerPoints for all information – only pulled important information and information said in class*


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.