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Lecture 2

by: Fernanda Navarro

Lecture 2 History 1312

Fernanda Navarro

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Notes over lecture 2, The Fall of Reconstruction
U.S HIstory since 1865
Dr. Kristen Burton
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Fernanda Navarro on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 1312 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Dr. Kristen Burton in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see U.S HIstory since 1865 in History at University of Texas at Arlington.


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Date Created: 02/06/16
Lecture 2  Jan 26, 2016 The fall of Reconstruction 1) 1865: War is over a) North victorious over south b) South is bitter, White resentment felt towards the Union c) The year of Jubilee and Anger i) Abe Lincoln assassinated: April 15, 1865 ii) South was destroyed iii) Main questions: (1) What to do with the south (2) What to do with former slaves iv) The south before the war was booming, its economy was high because of the crops  grown and because the labor done by the slaves did not have to be paid. v) Total wealth of southern farms: (1) 1860: $22,819 (2) 1870: $3,168 vi) Where would former slaves go? (1) They had no outside connections (2) Were on their own when it came to finding a home and a job 2) The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Land (1865) i) “Freedman’s Bureau” ii) Directed by General Oliver Otis Howard iii) Distributed food for the poor in the south iv) Reconstructing southern society’s structure v) South hated Freedman’s Bureau (a) Saw it as Federal Govt. coming in and trying to dictate their way of life 3) Shaping Reconstruction a) Phases of reconstruction: i) Presidential ii) “radical reconstruction” iii) “redemption” b) Andrew Johnson: put on the ballot to please the south i) Not expected to win presidency c) Democratic party lost significant power in govt. because they left to join the confederacy d) Radical Republicans i) Wanted to punish the south for starting the war e) Johnson was only concerned w/ southern aristocracy i) His plan:  (1) Re­admission to states that repudiated secession and ratified the 13  Amendment  (2) Amnesty to high­ranking confederates (3) Those who held $20,000+ in property had to petition for pardon  (4) “Damn the negroes, I am fighting those traitorous aristocrats, their masters.” (5) Does not believe in reconstruction f) Leaders in the confederacy were being voted back into govt. offices after the war, in turn  made Radical Republicans were furious 4) The Fight for Reconstruction a) “Black codes,” 1865 i) Blacks could get married and file lawsuits ii) Could not be part of jury in court iii) Had to show documentation that showed they could sustain themselves, or else they  couldn’t leave their plantations iv) “vagrancy laws” v) “apprenticeship laws” (1) Gave county court right to take away children from parents if deemed unable to  raise child vi) Were basically ways to implement a modern form of slavery vii)Carl Schurz’s report on the status of the South (1865) b) Battle over the Freedman’s Bureau, 1866 c) 1866 Civil Rights Act i) Designed to protect the rights of people of color  ii) Congress over ruled Johnson’s veto d) Memphis Race Riot i) May 1­3, 1866 ii) Whites attacked any institutions that helped or contained Blacks, as well as some  individuals 5) Congress Takes Over a) The 14  Amendment i) June 16 , 1866 ii) Ratified July 18, 1868 b) Radical Reconstruction, 1867­1877 c) Military Reconstruction Acts i) March 1867 d) Tenure of Office Act 1867 i) Congress had full control over presidential cabinet appointments, an attempt for  congress to impeach Johnson, get him out of office ii) Johnson tried to fire his secretary of war  (1) Impeached February 24, 1868 (2) 35­19 votes in favor of removing Johnson, one vote shy from removing him e) Debate over a 15  Amendment  i) Passed Feb 26, 1869 ii) Ratified Feb 3, 1870 f) Ulysses Grants elected to presidency 1868


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