Bio 233: Microbial Survey - Week 1 Notes
Bio 233: Microbial Survey - Week 1 Notes Biology 233
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BIOLOGY 105 - C09C Lecture
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Becca LeBoeuf on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Biology 233 at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh taught by Teri Shors in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 262 views. For similar materials see Microbiology survey in Biology at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh.
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Date Created: 02/06/16
Week 1 Notes: The American Civil War (18611865) ● Civil War Medicine: ○ Birth of medicine. ○ More soldiers died of disease than battle wounds. ○ Doctors + nurses lacked training. ○ Disposing of bodies + animals posed a public health threats. ○ Dead buried on site. ○ Bodies were not shipped home. ○ Learned a lot about amputation. ● Pre Germ Theory: ○ Soiled bandages were reused. ○ Instruments were not sanitized and were reused. ○ Surgeons places laudable puc from one wound to another. ○ Almost every soldier had a staph infection. ○ There were no vaccines. ● Factors Contributing To Infectious Disease (caused by microbes and germs): ○ Unsanitary conditions of the camps, battlefields, and abandoned plantations. ○ Spoiled food and bad hygiene. ○ Fly infested latrines by cooking tents. ○ Concurrent illness. ○ Dietary deficiencies (malnutrition) resulting in immunosuppression. ○ Polluted waterways. ○ Overcrowding. ○ Migration of troops. ○ Unburied bodies and animals. ○ Limited medical treatment. ○ Emancipation of slaves. ● 5 Medical Innovations Of The Civil War: ○ 1. Life saving amputations: cut as far away from the heart as possible. ○ 2. The anesthesia inhaler. ○ 3. Closing chest wounds. ○ 4. Facial reconstruction. ○ 5. Beginning of plastic surgery. ○ And ambulance to ER system. ● Imported disease: someone brings disease from another country. ● Incubation period 21 days (average: 8 to 10). ● Rnought: how many more people are going to get it. ● Most contagious pathogen ieasles.
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