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Intro to Sociology 1

by: Emily Neff

Intro to Sociology 1 0170-100-004

Marketplace > Adelphi University > Sociology > 0170-100-004 > Intro to Sociology 1
Emily Neff
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About this Document

Primary Socialization, Secondary Socialization, Different forms of punishment
Introduction to Sociology
Professor Primeggia
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Neff on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 0170-100-004 at Adelphi University taught by Professor Primeggia in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Adelphi University.

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Date Created: 02/07/16
Socialization­ A  Lifetime Process  Primary socialization takes place in the family.  Secondary socialization takes place in every other group with which you come into contact.  Primary Socialization  Your personality is limited during young childhood. As your childhood progresses, your parents  shape your personality by teaching you respect, morality, and the difference between right and  wrong. Traditionally, mothers teach social values and fathers display themselves as role  models. Discipline is used to reinforce these values. For discipline to be effective it has to be  consistent and immediate.  Sometimes, parents will enforce the importance of reputation to instill values in their children.  Reputation not only reflects on the child but the family, so how the child conducts themself in  public affects more people than just them. The fear of disappointing the parents is another  control mechanism. The problem with this is that when overused it exposes the child to  developing psychological problems.  Psychic violence is another control mechanism. It is defined as the restraining of affection,  attention and love in the name of disciplining the child. An example of psychic violence is the  silent treatment.  Double blind theory is another control mechanism, and it has two parts. It is defined as when  alternatives to a situation are presented falsely; in reality, there are no alternatives. The  alternatives are also and can be a greater entrapment than the original proposal.  Peer Groups  As time goes on in our culture, the peer group becomes more and more important. They can be  blamed on why children reject their parents because they think that their peer groups can  provide the same, maybe even better, information their parents are attempting to teach. The  peer groups are why children develop unique personalities separate from the values of their  parents.  weber­  the protestant wethic adn teh spitit of capitalism  he wnts to show a positive relationship between religion adn teh new form of capitalism which  he calls modern capitalism. the industrial revoution started in thsoe countries theat were  predominantliy protestant, so does modernism hvae anythign to do with religion? the major  thrust of capitalism is profit, self interest, competition, adn mateiralims. we are known by the  things we own. we are a matieralistic society.  bbasic characteristics of modern capitalism:  industry moves into teh primary position  profibusiness to create more profit  modern capitlism is middle class capitalism  savers, workers, investors  roman catholicism could not understand profit for profit becuas eou worked as a rapuyment for  sin, not to make money.  95 htesis­ criticism of foralized church at teh time. artin ltuehrw anted the church to return to its  orgiinal purity. not being able to uy your way into heaven. the church was getting pompous adn  too removed from the people. people would buy positions in teh church. if you were a wealthy  man, your first born male child inherets everything. the other sons get bought positions into the  millirayr and the church. the tchurch is so pissed off at him tat they excommunicate him. a  bunch of catholics move with him and become the lutherans.  martin luther translates the bibel from greek to german adn mistranslated the word ponos which  means pain or burden, to mean calling or duty. in lutherism, wokr is no longer pain. it is your  calling or duty. and because wor is your callign from god, the work that you’re born into is  accepted as your calling. you shoudl not strive to be anything else.  at teh heart of calvinist religion is the belief of predestination. calvin believedd that a sign that  you were predestined for heaven was if you were inclined to do hard successful work. the more  money you make, the more you’re proving ta tyou’re saved andn going to heaven.  politial instutitions.  thom hobbes and m weber­ teh social construct  why is human society ordered and not a jungle. given our human nature of self interest. it shoudl be a jungle, but it is in our self interest to cooperate with others. people give up some of their  own freedom to be protected by teh policing agency called the leviathan. the leviathan can be  the police or something. the leviathan groups are the only ones tha can use violence as a  policing agency. we give some of our freedoms up to be controlled by an outside agency teh  change from teh state of nature to society did not happen over nighth. different clans would use  teh same resources from teh same watering hole adn when teh leviathan comes in, the clans  bond togeter. once the clans get together, they start to trust each other. elgitimacy is the belief  in a legitimate order. the belief in this system has to come from within.  what maeks a society legitimate? if people put up with it, adn if other countries view our country  as legitimate. throughout history there have been threee types of poltiical systems that are  considered legitimate.  legal rational  traditional  charistmatic.  authority is given to the postiion, not the person. there are general applicable rules that are  supposed to cover all cases. if you don’t fit into the system, you’re forced to fit into the system.  there is a ompelte distinction between the person and the position­ tlegal rational.  traditional order­ there is no separation between teh persona dn the position. people belief in teh system as legitimate because it’s always existed.  charistmatic= extraordinary or superordinary powers. a charistmatic leader needs a goup that  believs in him or her. charisma is a value free term­ the leader can be a sinner or  asiant.  very often it not the person that has teh charisma. it’s the office.  what charismatic people are a threat to the existing structure. we eiether vote them out of office  or assassinate them.    


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