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Important music terms!

by: Desiree Notetaker

Important music terms! Music 102

Desiree Notetaker
Cal State Fullerton
GPA 3.77
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About this Document

Basic terms for any type of music, such as pitch, interval, chord, etc. Important to know when studying music, not just Music 102!
Music 102
C. Sharp
Class Notes
music terms, Pitch, Harmony, meter, dynamics, genre, style




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Desiree Notetaker on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Music 102 at California State University - Fullerton taught by C. Sharp in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Music 102 in Music at California State University - Fullerton.

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Date Created: 02/07/16
MUSIC  Key Terms  Pitch: Single tone or note, produced by vibrating air. Faster the air vibrates = higher pitch; Slow=Low.  Three basic registers of pitch –low, middle, high.  Tone: Describes a sound with a definite pitch  Tonic: First and last names of the 8 pitches in a scale have the same name  Interval: Measures distance in between two tones Chord: Three or more simultaneous pitches perceived  Tonic chord: built upon first tone of a scale Subdominant chord: built on the fourth one Dominant chord: built up on the fifth  Harmony: System of combining chords; Forms basis of our folk and popular music Melody: Series of individual tones  Conjunctive – melody derived from a series of closed intervals  Disjunctive – Tunes containing large intervals  Rhythm: Long and short patterns of duration  Meter: Organizes the rhythm of music. Measured beat patterns of duple (two) or triple (three)  Syncopation: Accent beats unexpectedly. Fundamental rhythmic element of African American music  Dynamics: Degree of loudness or softness of music Timbre: Unique quality that can be attributed to all voices and instruments  Texture: Density of sound  Monophonic – single, unaccompanied melodic line  Homophonic – melody in a foreground and supported by harmonic underpinning  Forms: Basic structure or shape of a piece of music Binary – two part, ab  Ternary – three part, aba  Strophic –often in ballads  Genre: Refers to a specific category of music (ex. Blues, ragtime)  Style: Refers to a subset within the genre (ex. Blues = Piedmont, Delta, or Chicago) 


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